Openness, Collaboration, and Shared Success
Over the past few years, we have seen two clear shifts in global industry.
First, many governments around the world are more actively building up domestic industry, taking a more proactive role in the development of industry standards, specifications, and industry roadmaps. In some regions and domains, these efforts are tied to broader de-globalization trends.
Second, there have been a number of research breakthroughs in – and broader application of – advanced technologies like broadband, wireless and optical communications, data centers, artificial intelligence (AI), cross-cloud computing, and graph computation. The scope of ICT services has expanded from human-to-human connections to human-to-machine and machine-to-machine connections, laying the foundations for more diverse application scenarios and brand-new user experiences. All of this has served to greatly accelerate the digital and intelligent transformation of industries.
Huawei is actively working with industry and ecosystem partners worldwide, promoting joint innovation between governments, businesses, academia, research institutes, and users to create practical value based on the needs of different industries. We work closely with different countries and industries, and promote cross-domain and cross-technology collaboration in various forms, in order to tackle real-world problems that different industries face. Together with our partners, we are cultivating an ecosystem that is conducive to healthy and coordinated cross-sector development, driving the digital economy forward, accelerating digital transformation, and helping to speed up the arrival of an intelligent world. The following are the types of industries we work with and the efforts we aim to promote.
- Standards-centric industries, including industries like mobile networks, fixed networks, core networks, digital power, and other infrastructure-related domains. For industries like these, we need to drive industry consensus and promote unified global standards and interconnectivity.
- Ecosystem-centric industries, including those like cloud services, computing, vehicle-mounted computing, and device operating systems. For these industries, based on a core set of products and platforms, we need to expand the pool of potential partners and developers through open collaboration (e.g., open source initiatives), and continuously optimize application enablement, talent development, and value distribution.
- Hybrid industries are those that rely on both standards and ecosystems, such as digital devices. For industries like this, we need to both promote common standards and develop broader ecosystems.
Key Progress and Industry Contributions
As of the end of 2022, Huawei is an active member of approximately 800 standards organizations, industry alliances, open source communities, and academic associations. We hold more than 450 key positions within these organizations. We continue to strengthen strategic collaboration with 3GPP, 5G-ACIA, AII, Apache, CCSA, IIC, ETSI, ECC, the Linux Foundation, the Eclipse Foundation, the OpenAtom Foundation, TM Forum, NetworldEurope, the National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization, and AUTOSAR. We have also worked to promote more in-depth collaboration and mutual recognition of standards between Chinese and European industry organizations.
We have established industry collaboration platforms together with industry organizations, think tanks, academia, and enterprises from around the world. Through these platforms, we jointly explore central topics related to AI, intelligent driving, digitalization, and audio and video, analyzing industry breakpoints and challenges in order to drive consensus and create cross-sector synergy.
We also continue to cultivate talent essential for digital transformation, enable developers, and work with ecosystem partners to create shared success and social value in domains like Kunpeng, Ascend, Huawei Cloud, HarmonyOS, and intelligent automotive solutions.
Over the past five years, Huawei has worked with more than 30 leading industry organizations in different domains via the Global Industry Organizations (GIO) Roundtable, aligned around the vision of “Collaborating for Digital Economy Growth, Building a Better Intelligent World.” Through the GIO platform, we continue to explore core issues relevant to industry digitalization and foster industry consensus.The GIO White Paper on Industry-Specific Ecosystems was updated and released in 2022, which first proposed an ecosystem modeling framework for digital platforms at different stages. This white paper also includes case studies on manufacturing and healthcare. In the future, more insights and case studies on industry-specific digital platforms will be included in this white paper. The pictures above are group photos taken at the 11th GIO Roundtable. This roundtable was held simultaneously in Barcelona (on the left) and Beijing (on the right), bringing together CXOs from 27 different industry organizations.
We continue to contribute to standards organizations, work with customers and industry partners to drive industry upgrade, and help create an environment where standards are set through openness,collaboration, and innovation.
To date, we have submitted over 68,000 standards contributions to more than 200 standards organizations. Together with our customers and industry partners worldwide, we are helping to promote technological progress and drive the global industry forward.
We are working to help promote unified global standards in the communications industry.
- Within 3GPP, we are contributing to key technical standards for 5G-Advanced and working to promote a thriving 5.5G ecosystem with innovative 5.5G applications.
- Through ETSI, we are supporting efforts to improve F5G and F5.5G industry standards, drive a broader consensus on FTTR standards, and bring Fiber to Everywhere.
- Within the IETF, we are working with partners to research the standardization of application-aware networking and computing-aware networking, helping build a foundation for connectivity in a new era of computing.
- Within IEEE, we are helping drive the upgrade of standards for Wi-Fi 7, Ethernet, and other technologies to support the evolution of carrier, enterprise, and industrial networks.
We are promoting efforts to open up, co-develop, and share international standards.
- Within the ITU, we are exploring how to more effectively coordinate spectrum allocation and optimize spectrum utilization, and are contributing to network carbon intensity standards to pave the way for more sustainable development in the 5G industry.
- Within ISO/IEC JTC 1, we are helping to develop international standards for machine learning data quality in order to facilitate AI innovation and development.
- Within the IEC, we are working with vertical industry partners to build consensus and promote standards for zero carbon and renewable energy systems, and are facilitating efforts to set a shared industrial vision for 2035.
We are working to drive consensus on standards and enable industry development.
- We are exploring the application of 5G in verticals and working with industry experts to develop standards for their use in order to further advance digital transformation across all sectors.
- Together with partners, we are developing standards for photovoltaic systems, energy storage, charging networks, and more in the digital power domain, and helping improve standardization for green development.
- We are participating in the standards setting process for smart home, easy travel, entertainment, and other related domains, and helping upgrade user experience from multiple different angles.
Huawei is a committed partner in major industry alliances around the world. Together, we are working to promote sustainable industry development and help industries go digital.
- Promoting industry competitiveness and sustainable development: We are working closely with industry organizations such as GCC, UWA, WAA, GIIC, SparkLink Alliance, DISA, NDIA, WBBA, and IMT-2030, as well as partners all along the value chain to promote industry-wide consensus. Our work includes standards development, testing and certification, and talent cultivation. These efforts will increase the industry-wide competitiveness of domains like diversified computing, video, WLAN, short-range communications, industrial software, fixed networks, and 6G, and promote sustainable industry development.
- Strengthening industry collaboration to advance digital transformation: Huawei is an active partner in industry organizations such as GSMA, CSIA, GSA, AII, 5GAIA, 5GDNA, and 5GAA. We actively contribute industry white papers, testbeds, and standards to support the development and application of new digital technologies in sectors like communications, manufacturing, electric power, iron and steel, coal mining, oil and gas, and ports. We are helping to advance the digital agenda of different industries.
Open Source Communities
Huawei is a firm supporter and major contributor to open source communities, where we advocate for inclusion, fairness, openness, solidarity, and sustainability. Through our work with developers and partners to build world-class open source communities, we aim to accelerate software innovation and create thriving industry ecosystems.
- Huawei actively participates in major open source organizations and projects. We strongly advocate for open source software development. Huawei is a premium or founding member of dozens of international open source foundations, including the Apache Software Foundation, the Linux Foundation, the Eclipse Foundation, the OpenAtom Foundation, the OpenInfra Foundation, and the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). Currently, we serve on dozens of different boards of open source communities and serve in hundreds of core roles, including those in Technical Steering Committees and Project Management Committees and roles like Project Team Lead, Maintainer, and Core Committer. In 2022, Huawei was the largest contributor to Linux Kernel 6.1 by changesets.
- With a focus on foundational software, Huawei has launched multiple influential open source projects to build a stronger foundation for digital infrastructure ecosystems. In recent years, Huawei has launched multiple platform-level open source projects, such as KubeEdge, MindSpore, Volcano, openEuler, openGauss, OpenHarmony, Karmada, Kurator, and openGemini, to support new trends like cloud native, automation, and intelligence. These foundational software projects have attracted the participation of an incredible number of vendors, developers, research institutes, and universities from all over the world. To date, hundreds of companies have joined these open source communities. We have donated openEuler and OpenHarmony to the OpenAtom Foundation, and donated KubeEdge, Volcano, and Karmada to CNCF. These projects have united the contributions of global participants through a more open approach, and are helping accelerate software innovation and create thriving industry ecosystems.
- We are building a foundational software ecosystem with industry partners.
Huawei has assigned more than 2,000 developers, contributed more than 30 core subsystems, and submitted over 10 million lines of core code to support the development of the OpenHarmony community. We actively work with open source contributors to further promote the development of OpenHarmony. By the end of 2022, OpenHarmony ranked No. 1 on the Gitee Index, with more than 5,000 code contributors and over 220 software and hardware products passing compatibility tests. OpenHarmony is now the most active open source project hosted on the Gitee platform in terms of both its code contributions and community activity.
The openEuler community has rallied more than 12,000 developers and over 770 enterprise members. Using openEuler community releases, community partners have launched nearly 20 commercial distributions, with over three million commercial deployments in total.
- We are helping to build sustainable, thriving, and trusted open source communities. We are working to build a diverse, inclusive, and trusted industry ecosystem through open source collaboration. Huawei actively joins forces with industry partners to improve open source security and address cyber security challenges. We have also launched the Open Source Rainforest program, through which we offer 11 open source courses to help enterprises enhance their open source capabilities.
Huawei embraces an open and diverse academic culture. We have actively expanded and strengthened our collaboration with academic associations as part of our diversified, multi-path efforts to explore challenges that industries face and cultivate STEM talent. Together, we are invigorating academic pursuits while promoting social and economic progress.
- Through a number of academic associations and platforms, we work closely with academia to convert real-world industry challenges into meaningful research topics. We also promote multilateral engagement and cooperation through academic conferences and funds.
Together, we have identified future challenges for optical communications at international academic conferences on optics, attracting researchers from around the world to probe the frontiers of optical technology.
We continue to increase funding for the China Computer Federation (CCF)-Huawei Populus Grove Fund and have worked closely with academic partners to identify more than 50 new areas of academic inquiry to further research in computing.
We also continue to increase funding for the Chinese Association for Artificial Intelligence (CAAI)-Huawei MindSpore Open Fund and have supported the publication of more than 400 papers at top conferences in an effort to drive advancements in AI.
- We actively contribute new ideas to academic associations. We have published more than 630 journal and conference papers in high-impact channels like the ACM and IEEE. Nine of Huawei’s experts serve as fellows in academic associations around the world.
- We work with academic associations to cultivate STEM talent through competitions. To inspire and engage the next generation of STEM talent, we contribute real-world industry challenges for multiple competitions hosted by academic organizations like IEEE and CAAI.
Huawei works with ecosystem partners, developers, and universities to help industries go digital and build thriving ecosystems.
- Developing platform capabilities to cultivate thriving ecosystems: We focus on developing platform capabilities for our ecosystem-centric businesses like HarmonyOS, Kunpeng, Ascend, cloud computing, and intelligent automotive solutions. We also openly collaborate with a wide range of partners to develop business ecosystems that thrive on shared success. Together, we aim to unleash ecosystem-based innovation and create greater value for our customers while achieving shared success with ecosystem partners and developers.
- Enabling ecosystem partners on all fronts, working together to drive shared success, and creating greater value for our customers: We have launched multiple programs like the Huawei Cloud Partner Competency Program, the Kunpeng Partner Program, and the openEuler Partner Program to encourage innovation among partners. By the end of 2022, we have worked with more than 43,000 ecosystem partners, released over 10,000 products on KooGallery, and have certified more than 12,000 Kunpeng application software solutions, over 2,000 innovative Ascend solutions, and 50,000 feature abilities (FAs) for HarmonyOS. Together with our partners, we currently serve more than 20 core industries, including government, finance, energy, transportation, manufacturing, healthcare, and education.
- Improving developer experience and supporting innovation:
Huawei actively advocates for co-creation, sharing progress, and sharing success. We continue to expand access to more technologies, enrich toolchains, share industry experience, and increase funding for developers. These efforts aim to improve developer experience and support them in hardware and software design, development, testing, release, and operations, ultimately paving the way for greater success. As of the end of 2022, we serve and support about nine million developers.
In 2022, we invested CNY1.94 billion to support developer innovation through programs like the Huawei Cloud Developer Program, the OpenMind Program, and the Shining-Star Program. In the same year, we provided 3.65 million training opportunities to developers both online and offline, and issued Huawei technical certifications to 220,000 developers.
- Developing a robust digital talent ecosystem, sharing ICT knowledge and skills, and helping universities cultivate digital talent: Huawei has launched a variety of programs, including the Huawei Cloud Developer Program (for universities), the HarmonyOS 100 School Seeds Program, the Business-Academia Talent Development Program, and the Talent Development Acceleration Program. We also sponsor various programs like talent cultivation and competitions in colleges and universities. Over the past three years, these programs have benefited over 600,000 students and 6,000 teachers from 370 universities, and we will continue to expand these efforts moving forward.
We are working to promote sustainable development and create greater business and social value through digital inclusion and ubiquitous connectivity.
- Supporting Digital First Economy to promote digital inclusion.
This past year, Huawei and IDC proposed the concept of “Digital First Economy”, calling on policymakers to introduce more favorable policies that support broadband, cloud, AI, data, and digital talent development. These are part of broader efforts to promote sustainable development and create greater social and business value through digital inclusion and ubiquitous connectivity.
At the World Economic Forum, ITU, APEC Business Advisory Council, and other international organizations and forums, we regularly share our experience and best practices in promoting digital transformation, inclusive AI, digital inclusion, and more.
- Advising on policy to advance digital transformation.
We actively participate in public consultations on digital economy planning and industrial policy in all countries where we operate. These efforts include sharing recommendations on digital infrastructure development, digital skills programs, and incubating new business models. In every country, our goal is to promote inclusive and sustainable digital transformation.