Openness, Collaboration, and Shared Success
Over the past year, all countries, businesses, and individuals had to face up to one question: How can we survive and keep growing both steadily and sustainably in an environment full of uncertainty? At the same time, the digital economy is developing rapidly, and industries are going digital and setting green agendas faster than ever before. This will generate new business models, new productive arrangements, and new models for the flow of wealth. All of this means that a more open, diversified, and inclusive industry ecosystem will soon be needed.
Huawei remains committed to openness and collaboration for shared success. We work with various industry and ecosystem partners to shape new mindsets, and new models for cooperation and building trust. Together, we will build a harmonious and healthy global industry ecosystem.
- New mindsets: As industries go digital, new business models and new entities, such as industry knowledge platforms, are emerging. Standards will play a different role in the digital economy. To adapt, we need to change our mindsets, and proactively anticipate and analyze future directions and patterns of industry development, as well as the shape of new ecosystem value chains, their key nodes, and the roles of different players.
- New cooperation: As new technologies like AI and 5G develop, we need to collaborate with partners from different industries and domains if we are to adapt to the needs and characteristics of each industry. This is the only way to build stronger industry ecosystems faster and make progress in industry digitalization.
- New trust: Data can create value when it is converted into knowledge assets and services. This will create new systems in which value is created and shared by multiple parties. That means we need to establish principles and frameworks for trustworthy and secure digital governance.
Key Progress and Industry Contributions
As of the end of 2021, Huawei is an active member of approximately 700 standards organizations, industry alliances, open source communities, and academic associations. Within these organizations, we hold more than 400 key positions. We serve as a member of the board or executive committee, or a premium partner in 3GPP, ETSI, IETF, IIC, IEEE SA, the Linux Foundation, CCSA, AII, TM Forum, WFA, WWRF, OpenInfra, IFAA, GP, UWA, VRIF, BBF, OpenAtom Foundation, China's National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization (NTCAS), and AUTOSAR.
Huawei plays an active role in many industry organizations. With our innovative technologies, we help the industry grow, and promote international collaboration. We also focus on customers' specific business needs. We create resources to help implement industry projects including 5G, AI, industrial Internet, video, broad Internet of Vehicles (IoV), and intelligent computing. To ensure the success of these projects, we provide architectures, pathways, and best practices for digital transformation; as well as testbeds, new business models, case studies, open source code, and developers. We also encourage industry organizations to work together and innovate with partners so that our customers can build an edge for success in their own business.
We help create mechanisms for dialogue and exchange at the senior level, including with industry organizations, think tanks, academic researchers, and corporate representatives. This gives industry leaders opportunities to explore topics that are poised to have a major impact on everyday life, such as AI and advanced autonomous driving. We analyze digital transformation trends, key topics, and crucial areas of collaboration, and help build industry consensus. Working with our industry partners worldwide, we have offered national governments advice and recommendations on industrial policies for ICT adoption and digital transformation. We help governments introduce reasonable industrial policies that are necessary to support inclusive economic growth for their countries.
The GIO White Paper on Industry-Specific Ecosystems was released at the 9th GIO Roundtable. In partnership with leading industry organizations, we continue to organize Global Industry Organizations (GIO) roundtables, which focus on four areas: smart manufacturing, digital health, autonomous digital infrastructure, and industry-specific ecosystems. Within a shared framework of key topics on industry digitalization, we promote sharing, exchange, and collaboration between industry organizations from different regions, industries, and domains. This has allowed GIO participants to develop a more complete and unified understanding of the framework and pace of industry digitalization. GIO participants are working to address industry discontents, and discuss and make recommendations on industrial policies. All these efforts will help advance digital transformation for every industry.
We continue to contribute to standards organizations, work with industry partners to grow the industry, and help create an environment where standards are set in a fair, just, and open manner.
To date, we have submitted over 65,000 standards contributions in more than 200 standards organizations. Together with industry partners worldwide, we are helping to drive technological progress and push the global industry forward.
In standards organizations for the communications industry, we are working to help promote unified global standards.
- Within 3GPP, we are working with industry partners to create an industry consensus around 5.5G. This has opened a new chapter in 3GPP's development of 5G-Advanced standards.
- Through ETSI, we are supporting efforts to create industry-wide consensus on optical networks, and working to bring Fiber to Everywhere.
- Within the IETF, we are working to improve IP network technologies and formulate standards so that they can meet the requirements for the Internet of Things.
- Through the Internet Society (ISOC), we are working with Internet ecosystem partners to improve the security systems for global Internet routing.
- Within the IEEE, we are helping drive the upgrade of Wi-Fi, Ethernet, and other technologies, so as to support the evolution of carrier, enterprise, and industrial networks.
- Within the Broadband Forum (BBF), we are actively contributing to standards on network architecture, network cloudification, and other related technologies, as part of our efforts to promote unified global standards for broadband networks.
Through the three major international standards organizations, we are helping drive technology upgrade and industry development.
- Within the ITU, we are exploring how to improve spectrum utilization, so as to pave the way for the development of the 5G industry. We are contributing to security standards for financial blockchains and to optical communications standards, which will provide a foundation for ultra-broadband connectivity technology.
- Within ISO/IEC JTC 1, we are working to optimize standards for AI-based audio and video coding and decoding to create a more user-friendly experience.
- Within the IEC, we are working with vertical industry partners to set the vision and lay a foundation of standards for digital transformation, as part of the greater efforts to enable the intelligent transformation of industries.
We actively engage in standards organizations in China and help create a favorable environment for Chinese standards.
- We are exploring the application of 5G in verticals and working with industry experts to develop standards for the use of 5G in different industries, to further advance digital transformation in all industries.
- In cooperation with industry partners, we are building China's systems for market access and standards ecosystems for intelligent vehicles, and promoting the development of connected vehicles with a higher level of intelligence.
- We are contributing to standards for accessibility (including accessibility for older users) and child protection, supporting the healthy development of Chin's ICT industry.
Huawei is a committed partner in major industry alliances. We are working to ensure sustainable industry development, drive green, low-carbon, and healthy industry development, and promote mutual trust and shared success.
- Developing foundational technologies to ensure sustainable industry development: We have worked closely with industry organizations such as the GCC, CSIA, AITISA, IPv6 Enhanced, ONA, GIIC, ITMA, SparkLink Alliance, ICCE, and UWA to develop industry-wide consensus. Our work includes incubation of innovative foundational technologies, standards development, and talent cultivation. These efforts will increase the competitiveness of domains like green computing, basic software, AI computing centers, IPv6 Enhanced, optical networks, smart devices, intelligent vehicles, and video, and ensure sustainable industry development.
- Deepening industry digitalization for green, low-carbon, and healthy industry development: Huawei is an active partner in industry organizations such as the ITU, GSMA, GSA, AII, 5GAIA, 5GDNA, IMT-2020, and ECC. We actively contribute industry white papers, testbeds, and standards to support the development and application of new digital technologies in sectors like communications, manufacturing, electric power, steel production, coal mining, oil & gas, and ports. We are helping to provide a path to green, low-carbon, and healthy development of traditional industries.
- Enhancing international collaboration for mutual trust and shared success: We are an active member of European industry organizations like 5G-ACIA and 5GAA, and have contributed to multiple white papers, testbeds, and other industry projects. We promote ongoing collaboration on digital transformation between the Japan Deep Learning Association, Japan's Industrial Value Chain Initiative, GIO, and other industry organizations.
Open Source Communities
Huawei is a trusted member of open source communities, and we support inclusion, fairness, openness, and solidarity. We contribute to open source communities, and work with partners to build world-class open source communities for basic software, to accelerate industry digitalization.
- Huawei is an active member and supporter of major open source organizations. Huawei recognizes the huge advantages that open source software can deliver, and works with ecosystem partners and developers to build up the basic software ecosystem. Huawei actively contributes to global open source communities, and is a premium or founding member of dozens of international open source foundations, including the Apache Software Foundation, Eclipse Foundation, Linux Foundation, OpenAtom Foundation, and Open Infrastructure Foundation. Currently, we serve on dozens of different boards of open source communities and hundreds of Technical Steering Committees and Project Management Committees, and hold hundreds of Project Team Lead, Maintainer, and Core Committer roles.
- Huawei open sources its own basic software at scale to build a stronger foundation for digital infrastructure ecosystems. In recent years, Huawei has launched multiple platform-level open source projects, such as EdgeGallery, MindSpore, openEuler, openGauss, and OpenHarmony, to support new trends like cloud native, automation, and intelligence. These basic software projects have attracted many vendors, developers, research institutes, and universities all over the world. Now, hundreds of companies have joined the communities of these open source projects. We have donated openEuler and OpenHarmony to the OpenAtom Foundation, which has quickly gathered more talent to support their ongoing innovation. These projects have combined contributions from global participants through a more open approach, and are promoting the digital transformation of industries. These types of open source software have been downloaded and used in more than 1,000 cities around the world.
- We are building a basic software ecosystem with partners and developers.
OpenHarmony is a lightweight, compact, and distributed operating system that meets user needs for low latency and multiple functions across different devices. Huawei has contributed more than 30 core subsystems and more than 6 million lines of core code, and the operating system can now support the development of smart devices from as little as 128 KB of memory to GB levels. The OpenHarmony community has more than 30,000 developers and over 40 companies. OpenHarmony applications are being explored in 12 industries, and its code has seen over 20 million downloads.
openEuler aims to provide a secure, stable, and easy-to-use operating system for servers, cloud computing, edge computing, embedded applications, and diversified computing. The openEuler community has attracted nearly 10,000 developers and over 300 enterprise members. Using openEuler community releases, our partners have launched more than 10 commercial distributions, with over one million instances currently in commercial use in a range of critical domains.
EdgeGallery, MindSpore, openGauss, and other communities have developed into dynamic open source communities for foundational technologies, and are popular with developers.
- We build sustainable, thriving, and trustworthy open source communities. Huawei is committed to improving the governance of open source communities to ensure smooth software evolution. Through measurement and feedback mechanisms, we can quickly understand what developers think about the communities and continuously optimize community governance mechanisms. With AI-assisted operations, we are constantly working to make community infrastructure better and smarter, so as to give a better experience to community partners. We are also introducing rules, processes, and toolchains for high-quality code, to inject vitality into our open source communities. We are working to build a diverse, inclusive, and trustworthy industry ecosystem through open source collaboration.
Huawei actively embraces an open and diverse academic culture. We have strengthened our collaborations with academic associations as part of our diversified, multi-path exploration of the uncertainties that industries face. Advances in basic research and applied technologies foster economic and social prosperity.
- We promote multilateral exchanges and cooperation between universities, academic associations, and industry players through academic conferences and funds for scientific research. At these exchanges, we share challenges that different industries face and help explore frontiers in academic research.
In 2021, we provided increased funding for scientific research at the China Computer Federation and Chinese Association for Artificial Intelligence.
We actively share the industry trends with others. For example, we have identified the challenges for optical communications and display, and suggested future research areas at academic conferences on optics.
By discussing the challenges that industries face at flagship conferences such as IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC), we engage academic partners to help drive innovation and progress.
- We are active contributors to academic research activities. We have published 867 journal and conference papers in high-impact channels like the ACM and IEEE. More than 100 of Huawei's technical experts have served as peer reviewers for scientific journals and conferences.
- We work with academic associations to cultivate new talent and organize academic competitions. We have hosted challenge competitions together with the International Collegiate Programming Contest (ICPC). These competitions have allowed outstanding programmers and algorithm designers to engage directly with real industry problems, and encouraged young people to pursue excellence.
Nearly 8,000 competitors from all over the world took part in the Communication Routing Challenge hosted by Huawei and ICPC, and the top 30 contestants and nine coaches received prizes. The picture shows winners receiving gifts from members of the organizing committee.
Huawei works and innovates with global partners to advance the digital agenda for industries.
- We continue to work openly and grow together with our partners to expand ecosystems. By the end of 2021, we have developed more than 38,000 partners through business alliances, including over 25,000 sales partners, over 5,000 solution partners, over 6,400 service partners, over 2,000 talent alliances, and over 100 investment and financing partners.
- We are helping build inclusive and diversified ecosystems for different industries. By integrating Huawei's capabilities with partner resources and industry know-how, we work with partners to accelerate digital transformation and decarbonization in industries. In 2021, we added more than 500 industry solution partners, and launched more than 700 joint solutions, including over 100 5GtoB scenario-based solutions. These solutions have been adopted in over 10,000 5GtoB projects in the enterprise market, enabling industry applications like smart steel production, smart mining, smart ports, smart cement, smart manufacturing, smart chemicals, and smart oil&gas. These solutions have boosted productivity for enterprises, and improved the working environments and workplace safety for their employees.
- We enable software and hardware technology partners to innovate using ICT infrastructure, and we work together to build the foundation for the digital economy ecosystem. Through the Kunpeng and Ascend technology platforms, we continue to open up our hardware, open source our software, and launch development and application enablement kits so that partners can develop innovative application software faster. By the end of 2021, more than 3,600 solutions from over 1,600 partners had been granted Huawei's ICT technical certifications.
Huawei brings together developers from around the world to build four unique ecosystems and explore new business scenarios and business models.
- Huawei Cloud ecosystem: Huawei aims to create and share value for greater success. We bring together developers worldwide and empower our partners to address the pain points that customers face during digital transformation.
We continue to open up our capabilities. The Huawei Cloud Developer Program has attracted more than 2.6 million developers, and 70,000 of them have obtained Huawei Cloud Career Certifications.
We step up efforts to help cultivate more talent. We have developed more than 200 Huawei Cloud courses through partnerships with over 70 leading Chinese universities.
We remain committed to our ecosystem strategy for Huawei Cloud, which is to create and share value for greater success. More than 30,000 partners worldwide have joined hands with Huawei Cloud, and together with these partners, we have already developed over 8,000 solutions.
In 2021, Huawei Cloud released MacroVerse aPaaS, which has aggregated more than 10,000 APIs across 11 categories, including databases, AI, big data, video, enterprise applications, and mobile applications.
Huawei Cloud Marketplace has seen its transactions more than triple. We now provide transaction services to more than 6,000 partners.
- Kunpeng/Ascend ecosystem: Huawei's strategy is "open hardware, open source software, partner enablement, and talent cultivation". We are working to build a diversified computing ecosystem.
Open hardware: We provide comprehensive, full-stack support to enable our partners throughout their innovation efforts. We also maintain a partner-first strategy, and over 80% of Kunpeng- and Ascend-based products shipped in 2021 came from our partners.
Open source software:
Huawei has officially donated openEuler to China's OpenAtom Foundation, and the openEuler community has attracted 304
members. Huawei unveiled openEuler 21.09, the industry's first open source OS that supports digital infrastructure across all scenarios.
The openGauss community has attracted over 100 members and seen over 500,000 downloads.
The MindSpore community has recorded 163 members and over one million downloads.
It supports more than 300 models, and has been recognized as the industry's first trustworthy community for open source AI.
The Kunpeng application software ecosystem has developed faster than expected, and Kunpeng applications have been deployed at scale in critical industries, such as government, finance, telecommunications, electric power, and transportation. More than 10,000 solutions, developed by over 3,500 partners, have been certified as Kunpeng-compatible.
The Ascend application software ecosystem has also entered the fast lane. We have established 16 Ascend Ecosystem Innovation Centers in China. More than 700 solutions from over 500 partners have been certified. In cooperation with our partners, we have already launched four smart solutions: Ascend Smart City Solution, Ascend Smart Inspection Solution, Ascend Smart Manufacturing Solution, and Ascend Smart Transportation Solution.
Huawei continued with the Intelligent Center model, which is a joint initiative with China's Ministry of Education, to foster industry-academia cooperation on talent cultivation. As part of the initiative, the 72 partner universities have delivered courses to more than 1,300 classes, and over 2,500 instructors have completed the training.
We have launched the Kunpeng and Ascend Talent Intern Program, which provides more than 600 internship opportunities, and the Kunpeng and Ascend OpenMind Program, which provides a CNY100 million reward fund and has released more than 2,000 tasks. These two programs have benefited over one million of developers.
- HMS/HarmonyOS ecosystem: HarmonyOS has become the world's fastest-growing operating system, and HMS has become the world's third largest mobile app ecosystem.
Devices: Products that are part of the HarmonyOS Connect ecosystem – Huawei's device hardware ecosystem – can all be connected to Super Device. This will provide seamless connections, service widgets, simplified interaction, and hardware collaboration, and ultimately deliver a Seamless AI Life experience to consumers. In 2021, over 100 million third-party HarmonyOS Connect devices were shipped, and over 1,900 partners joined the HarmonyOS Connect ecosystem.
Applications and services: HarmonyOS enables one-time development for multi-device deployment, allowing developers to move from a single-device ecosystem to a multi-device ecosystem. Currently, more than 33,000 atomic services are running on HarmonyOS devices. We have launched HMS Core 6, which provides services across different devices, operating systems, and scenarios. This release includes 69 kits and 21,738 APIs in seven domains. These services are secure, reliable, distributed globally, and can be delivered to users worldwide with one-step access. We have more than 5.4 million registered developers worldwide, and over 187,000 apps have been integrated with HMS Core.
- Intelligent automotive solution ecosystem: As part of our "Platform + Ecosystem" strategy, we have worked with more than 300 upstream and downstream partners from across the automotive industry to build an intelligent automotive ecosystem.
Car manufacturing has shifted to an ecosystem model that involves many different domains. Huawei has opened up three platforms – the intelligent digital vehicle platform iDVP, intelligent driving computing platform MDC, and HarmonyOS Intelligent Cockpit platform – to provide a digital foundation and development tools for creating intelligent vehicles. More than 300 partners have joined us on these three platforms, accelerating the transition to intelligent vehicles.
Through iDVP, Huawei helped set up the Software-Defined Vehicle Working Group at the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers. This group has attracted more than 70 component partners, marking an important step towards software-defined vehicles.
The MDC ecosystem has attracted more than 70 partners for intelligent driving.
Through the HarmonyOS Intelligent Cockpit platform, we have established partnerships with over 150 hardware and software providers to rapidly develop intelligent cockpit solutions that support multi-device collaboration in all scenarios.
Huawei has been deeply involved in the SparkLink Alliance, which is committed to driving innovation and building an ecosystem for next-generation short-distance wireless communications technology in the intelligent automotive sector.
We promote inclusive and sustainable digital transformation to bring the benefits of digital technologies to SMEs and the general public.
In 2021, many countries turned to digital transformation and the digital economy to more effectively fight the pandemic, increase social resilience, and promote economic recovery. Different countries are at different stages of digital infrastructure development, with varying levels of digital skills and digital ecosystems. Accelerating digital transformation is never an easy task. This is especially true for SMEs and remote, often rural areas with weak digital infrastructure. These groups need better representation in national industrial policies, so it is vital that we encourage a more favorable policy environment for that.
Huawei is doing its part to help. We have proactively opened up discussions and dialogue with many international organizations. At the G20 Business 20 Summit, we encouraged strong support for the digital transformation of SMEs. At the World Economic Forum, APEC Business Advisory Council, and the International Chamber of Commerce, we shared Huawei's experience and best practices in digital transformation, such as enabling industry transformation with 5G, cloud first, and inclusive AI. We have also called for efforts to ensure that no one is left behind in the digital world.
We actively participate in public consultations on industrial policies, standards, and specifications in every country in which we operate. We actively share with national governments our recommendations on making digital infrastructure cloud-based and intelligent, implementing programs to help develop digital skills, and incubating new business models. In every country, our goal is to promote inclusive and sustainable digital transformation.