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Green World

In today's world, ICT technologies and solutions are becoming more essential for industrial and social sustainability. The ICT industry should not be content with just ensuring its own sustainability. Rather, it should work to provide innovative products and solutions to enable other industries' energy conservation and emissions reduction initiatives, drive the development of smart cities and green ecosystems, increase operating efficiency, address climate change, and contribute to a better connected, greener world.

Huawei is committed to providing green products through innovation. Every time we develop a new product, we think about how we can use green technologies to ensure all environmental requirements are met across the lifecycle of our product. In 2017, we continued to increase our investment in future-oriented technologies such as 5G, chipsets, and smart devices. A large part of the CNY89.69 billion (14.9% of annual revenue) we spent on R&D in 2017 went to our initiatives to drive innovation, efficiency, energy conservation, and environmental protection. We believe that ICT innovations such as 5G, AI, big data, and cloud computing are key enablers for achieving the UN's 2030 SDGs.

How 5G Can Contribute to Sustainable Development

According to GSMA, 5G could account for as many as 1.4 billion connections by 2025. By that time, 5G networks are likely to cover one-third of the world's population. The impact will be profound. 5G is more than a new generation of technology: It marks a new era in which connectivity will become key to connecting everything.

Huawei X Labs aims to explore opportunities for 5G applications and how technologies like IoT, cloud computing, AI, and big data can provide a platform for connected machines, robots, 3D-printing, virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), automated processes, blockchain technology, guided vehicles, goods, and remote work. We believe these innovations will not only expand our business, but also vastly improve resource efficiency and environmental protection, making for a more sustainable global economy. We have selected a few use cases to help illustrate the opportunities that can be introduced by these new digital capabilities. We hope that this can showcase the wide range of exciting possibilities and encourage more people to embrace digital transformation.

Connected cars: Connectivity is developing into an important enabler of safer, more sustainable mobility. Key technology trends include autonomous driving, cooperative mobility, and sensor data crowdsourcing, which will deliver improved environmental and safety performance both at highway speeds and in dense urban environments.

Closed-loop manufacturing: Advanced sorting, robotic disassembly, and digital tracing will allow for much better material recovery and re-use. This will be particularly important for industries that move to "sharing" business models as manufacturers retain ownership of their products (for example cars), thus incentivizing higher levels of circular recycling.

3D-printing: The fabrication of components allows for the production of hardware without large manufacturing operations. This helps to reduce waste while also making it possible to quickly produce replacement parts on an oil rig, for instance, which could improve safety and reduce the chance of contamination incidents.

Connected drones: 5G networks will allow new levels of drone automation that will have a transformative impact on multiple industries. Rather than having a live inspection of potential rotor blade damage on a wind turbine done by a human operator, an autonomous drone fleet will be able to capture and analyze the equipment using video. Similar solutions may help protect high-risk energy infrastructure, or increase productivity in agriculture, for example.

Advanced modeling and virtual reality: Digital replicas of physical assets can be used not only for research and design, but also remote and real-time performance monitoring, making preventive maintenance more effective and helping to keep products in use for much longer.

Digital traceability: Blockchain solutions for traceability and transparency could help prevent illegal or contaminated materials from entering supply chains. For example, improving traceability in the food industry would be an important breakthrough for retailers.

Dark factories: Automated and robotic manufacturing with limited or no human intervention would mean that factories could be operated continuously and without lighting and air-conditioning.

In response to the challenges of big data, heavy data traffic, and high energy consumption, the Huawei network energy team promotes the digital transformation of ICT infrastructure to build a green, intelligent world. We provide comprehensive network energy solutions that meet the requirements of many different ICT scenarios, focusing on communications energy, data center energy, and smart photovoltaic (PV). Our solutions integrate electronic and electrical technology, digital technology, communications technology, and IoT technology. According to the Huawei Global Industry Vision 2025 report, by 2025, the average annual carbon emissions per connection in the global ICT industry is expected to fall to 15 kg, down by 80% compared with 75 kg in 2015, through continuous innovation in energy-saving technologies for ICT and infrastructure.

To date, Huawei has helped 102 carriers around the world improve network energy efficiency, increase O&M efficiency, reduce energy consumption, and ensure network security and reliability. We have deployed more than 800 large data centers globally with energy solutions that offer low Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE), helping customers reduce power consumption and carbon emissions. We have established comprehensive partnerships with the top 100 players in the global PV industry. Together with industry partners, we strive to cultivate an open, healthy, and intelligent PV ecosystem founded on shared success.

Applying Innovative Technology to Provide Energy-efficient Data Center for Dubai Airports

Over the past several years, Dubai Airports' business has grown rapidly. Committed to providing a better passenger experience and fulfilling its social responsibility of eco-friendliness and energy conservation, Dubai Airports has placed data center construction at the heart of its digital transformation.

Huawei's FusionModule1000B prefabricated modular data center solution was adopted to build the new data center for Dubai Airports. The 10 kW/rack power density requirement, plus the extremely high temperatures in Dubai, posed a great challenge to heat dissipation for the data center. Huawei FusionModule1000B uses a wide range of innovative technologies to improve energy efficiency. The variable-frequency in-row air conditioner, highly efficient modular UPS, and aisle containment are solutions that can help achieve the optimal PUE. Enabled by these technologies, Huawei's data center solution consumes at least 30% less energy than a traditional one. In addition, Huawei equipped the new data center with the NetEco intelligent management system to simplify O&M and cut management costs. With the ISO standard-compliant size of the prefabricated modules, capacity can be easily expanded by adding modules as needed. In contrast to traditional data centers, this enables flexible expansion, saves engineering costs, and reduces equipment footprint.

The data center at Dubai Airports

Helping Telefonica Build Green and Efficient Solar Powered Sites

Telefonica has set a goal to reduce energy usage per unit by 50% and carbon emissions by 30% by 2020 as part of its commitment to energy conservation and emissions reduction. Huawei's mission is to provide green and efficient network energy solutions to help our customers save energy and reduce emissions.

In collaboration with Telefonica, Huawei built a solar-powered base station in central Chile. The customer had previously faced many challenges installing base stations at this very remote site, including a lack of mains electricity, high fault rate of traditional diesel generators, and difficulty in maintaining the equipment. To address these pain points, we provided a self-adaptive solar power solution. The goal was to increase the use of solar power through self-adaptation and self-optimization. With this solution, Telefonica was able to make full use of Chile's abundant solar energy resources to reduce carbon emissions and lower OPEX. In November 2017, Huawei's solar power solution was awarded the Best Energy Efficiency Solution at the 8th Global Workshop on Energy and Climate Change held by Telefonica.

Huawei's solar power solution wins Best Energy Efficiency Solution

Promoting the Development of the Smart PV Industry Using Innovative Technology

With the help of Huawei, Huanghe Hydropower, a subsidiary of the State Power Investment Corporation, was among the first in the industry to adopt the "Internet + PV" model. We helped the customer build smart PV stations in Golmud and Gonghe County of Qinghai, as well as in Shaanxi Province and other places. These power plants combined generate power of 2 GW. The average power generation per plant increased by more than 2%. The State Power Investment Corporation will soon build the world's largest PV plant control center that will manage all PV plants through a central control interface. Enabled by digital technology, the control center makes intelligent O&M possible. With intelligent management, O&M efficiency can be improved by over 50% with much less or even no human intervention. As the first digital, intelligent, and centralized management platform for PV plants in China, it can shed light on the construction and operations of PV stations elsewhere in the world.

Digital and smart PV power station

Through joint innovation, Huanghe Hydropower and Huawei released smart diagnosis technology. Equipment using this technology can be used to precisely examine each string (set of solar cells or modules) online, and remotely perform comprehensive troubleshooting scans for PV plants to accurately locate PV string faults and find the root causes, greatly reducing O&M time and costs. In addition, the health of PV plants can be comprehensively evaluated to enable proactive detection of problems and preventive maintenance, ensuring long-term and efficient power generation for PV plants. This technology is a new testament to how intelligent and digital technologies can drive innovation in the PV field.