Huawei is committed to promoting green ICT solutions. We aim to drive industries to conserve energy and reduce emissions and build an environmentally friendly low-carbon society that saves resources. We use innovative energy solutions to help our customers and users reduce their power consumption and carbon emissions. At the same time, we take products' environmental impacts into account throughout the entire supply process. In particular, we carry out waste recycling, product trade-in programs, and other such activities to improve the reuse rate of returned materials, reduce the landfill rate of waste, and minimize the negative impact on the environment. We work with all other players in the industry chain to build a more beautiful, greener world.
Huawei's hybrid power solution PowerCube 1000 helps to provide stable power supply in a green, intelligent, and cost-effective manner and provides digital connectivity to remote areas, especially remote areas in Africa where power is inaccessible or unstable.
The solution integrates enhanced digital and AI technologies. In Africa, for example, the solution helped dramatically cut the TCO, making it possible to build wireless base stations in a more economical manner. In addition, this helped customers halve both their fuel costs and carbon emissions. For example, after deploying Huawei PowerCube 1000, a carrier in Ethiopia saw annual fuel savings of 12 million liters.
By the end of 2018, the Huawei PowerCube 1000 solution had been widely applied across 93 countries and regions and provided telecom energy services for more than 130 carriers, helping Huawei earn customer trust and support.
At the awards ceremony of the 21st AfricaCom, held in November 2018, Huawei's hybrid power solution PowerCube 1000 received the Best Sustainable Power Solution award.
At the Huawei Global Analyst Summit 2018, Huawei launched PowerStar, a new solution aimed at reducing the energy consumption of multi-mode multi-band mobile communications networks. With PowerStar on networks, base stations typically use between 10% and 15% less energy, cutting around 2,000 tons of CO2 emissions annually for every 1,000 sites. Huawei's solution allows carriers to cut network OPEX, while helping take the telecom industry one step closer to the UN's SDG 13 –Climate Action.
Enabled by AI and other innovative technologies, Huawei's PowerStar solution allows well-coordinated energy saving across different base stations of a network working on different bands and modes. With the solution, power saving strategies can be customized based on network configuration and data traffic. That means a different energy-saving policy can be adopted for each base station, reducing unnecessary energy consumption in wireless networks. Our aim is to ensure "Zero Bit, Zero Watt", and save as much energy as possible without undermining wireless network performance.
Huawei's PowerStar solution has been verified and deployed in multiple countries such as China, South Africa, and Morocco. According to a GSMA case study on PowerStar in South Africa, the solution can help increase carrier energy savings on main wireless network equipment by 11.6%, saving 6.43 kWh per day for a single base station while maintaining stable network performance.
In Zhejiang Province, China, PowerStar helped carriers reduce power consumption by 12% on main wireless network equipment. This solution is expected to save 26 million kWh power for all wireless networks in Zhejiang each year. It is estimated that a typical live network with 1,000 base stations can save 1.46 million kWh of power per year with PowerStar, equivalent to a reduction of 1,370 tons of carbon emissions per year.
Huawei fulfills its extended producer responsibility. We have developed a global recycling system for consumer products and offer consumers channels for recycling their used electronics products. This helps reduce the environmental impact, such as pollution, caused by scrapping electronic products. We have also organized recycling initiatives to give consumers a better understanding of Huawei's recycling channels, and invite them to participate in the recycling process. These efforts have contributed to a circular economy. By the end of 2018, we had more than 1,300 recycling stations in 48 countries and regions around the world.
Recycling website outside China: https://consumer.huawei.com/en/support/recycling/
In 2018, we further scaled up our product trade-in program to lower the purchase cost of new products while increasing the reuse rate of old products. In China, we also introduced a new online program: credit-based recycling, where we give users coupons in return for recycling. We also established 193 new trade-in stations. Outside China, our trade-in program is available in nine countries, including Russia, Italy, Germany, and the United Arab Emirates. In 2018, we recycled more than 140,000 phones worldwide through the trade-in program.
Online trade-in platform in the UK: https://www.hihonor.com/uk/tradein/index.html
Huawei EMUI, a custom mobile operating system based on Android, offers free upgrades to old users. The EMUI system that is based on major Android releases is updated every year, and some phone models can even enjoy two free upgrades of major Android releases each year. In this way, users can enjoy the latest experiences enabled by EMUI and Android over the course of their mobile phone's lifespan.
Huawei is committed to quickly upgrading old phones to the latest major EMUI version. We also continuously launch new technologies like GPU Turbo and new features, such as full-screen gestures, emergency SOS, WeChat fingerprint payment, and security patches, to older models so they can stay up to date. Our latest EMUI versions provide users of older models with the latest features and rich, smart experiences in their work and entertainment. This extends the lifecycle of mobile phones, maximizes the benefits for consumers, and contributes greatly to the circular economy.
In 2018, Huawei Device launched a Battery Replacement program, through which users can replace their old phone batteries at a fixed low price. This program covers more than 70 old and new models at more than 1,200 service centers and through multiple digital retail platforms. Through this program, Huawei provides cost-effective and convenient battery replacement services for 200,000 consumers every month, extending the lifespans of their phones. In addition, we provide standard battery disposal programs to avoid potential security risks caused by unauthorized removal, installation, or maintenance of batteries.
We have also initiated a discounted repair program to help reduce maintenance costs for consumers, maximize the reuse of spare parts and other related resources, and extend mobile phones lifespans through maintenance. With this program, Huawei even returns consumers' phones directly to production factories for general repair, screen replacement, and motherboard maintenance.
While ensuring security and compliance, we have used digital technologies to establish a global management system for returned materials, covering material return and storage, and scrapping. This can help increase the reuse rate of materials and better dispose of waste.
We have gradually refined the channels for handling returned materials, and have different reuse channels based on materials' lifecycle phase, quality, and packaging. Reusable products that meet certain criteria are first allocated to our internal reuse channels such as for R&D, spare parts, and new manufacturing. For materials that do not involve cyber security risks or sensitive information, we resell the items or have them disassembled and recycled by certified service providers if there is no internal demand for these materials. As of the end of 2018, the reuse rate of Huawei's returned products was 82.3%.
Huawei fully complies with related standards for e-waste disposal. We have put in place a global scrapped materials management system that records the type, quantity, and weight of scrapped materials worldwide. We have also expanded our partnerships with leading e-waste disposal companies, and shared our waste disposal data with them. We have worked together to identify key materials that impact the environment, and developed targeted disposal solutions to help reduce landfill e-waste. In 2018, we disposed of 11,332 tons of e-waste globally, among which 190 tons (only 1.68%) were landfilled.