Core Values: Openness, Collaboration, and Shared Success
Digital transformation and intelligent transformation are inevitable trends that are profoundly changing each and every industry. Our entire industry agrees that globalization is the way forward, and that building and sharing global ecosystems is key to success. Huawei is committed to dissolving boundaries and working with partners around the world to build an industry that works for every player because we work with, share with, and create new opportunities for our ecosystem partners. That is how we create value both for ourselves and for the wider community.
In addition, we continue to work with industry partners to build a more inclusive and sustainable industry ecosystem, with a focus on driving progress towards the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As we create a digital and intelligent world together, we are bringing its benefits to more individuals, homes, and organizations.
Ecosystem and Industry Development: Our Principles
Huawei’s goal is to foster a fertile business environment that spans the entire globe, while remaining close to our ecosystem partners. Huawei itself focuses on ICT infrastructure and smart devices, and through open innovation, we will help build a welcoming and robust industry for all. Our ecosystem will be digital, intelligent, and localized, and it will provide a healthy space for our partners’ content and applications to develop. Together, we provide customers with a broad range of specialized solutions and services. When it comes to ecosystem and industry development, we have three guiding principles:
Growing the industry and enlarging the market. This is more important than increasing our own market share.
Cooperation is more important than competition. We enable others; we till the soil. We will not compete for profit with our partners, and will stay committed to openness, collaboration, and shared success.
Sharing value with others. As we move towards a fully connected, intelligent world, Huawei will be the glue that holds ecosystems together and the catalyst for ecosystem success. Sharing value means that we can unite as many people and companies as possible, to speed up the process of industry digitization.
Key Progress and Industry Contributions
In 2019, we continued to work hard to earn the trust and support of many industry organizations and partners, with whom we joined forces to maintain a fair, just, and open industry environment. International organizations including 3GPP, GSMA, ETSI, IEEE, IETF, the Linux Foundation, Apache, and TMF, have issued public statements in support of inclusivity for all members in public industry activities, including Huawei, insofar as the law permits. Together, we can do more for the industry.
As of the end of 2019, Huawei is an active member of more than 400 standards organizations, industry alliances, and open source communities, where we hold more than 400 key positions. We serve as a member of the board or executive committee in 3GPP, IETF, IIC, IEEE-SA, the Linux Foundation, BBF, ETSI, TMF, WFA, WWRF, CNCF, OpenStack, LFN, LFDL, IFAA, GP, CCSA, AII, CUVA, and VRIF.
In the industry space, Huawei actively contributes to industry organizations in an effort to better support the industry and expand the market for everyone. In the customer space, Huawei creates platforms and forms business alliances to address our customers’ specific business needs. We work with ecosystem partners in a process of open innovation to create customized solutions that give our customers the digital edge for success in their own business. In the government space, we work with our industry partners worldwide to offer national governments recommendations on policies for ICT adoption and industry digitization. We help governments improve their industry policy so that new technologies like 5G, AI, IoT, and cloud can deliver inclusive economic growth for their country.
We work closely with international standards organizations and proactively contribute. We help grow the industry by driving the upgrade of ICT technology and promoting broader collaboration. We help vertical industries go digital, and work with ecosystem partnersto create an ecosystem where everything is connected.
We are active in the development of standards to support the growth of the ICT infrastructure and smart device industries. We contribute to more than 200 standards organizations on an ongoing basis. To date, we have submitted over 60,000 standards contributions. By working closely with key international standards bodies and industry organizations, we are helping to drive the global industry forward.
We support 3GPP, working with industry partners to develop a consistent set of global 5G standards so as to accelerate the practical application of 5G in a highly connected world.
We are working actively with the ITU to produce comprehensive standards for 5G transport networks and optical transport networks (OTNs). This work helps support advances in IP network technologies that will enable sustained growth for the industry. We also support the efficient allocation of spectrum resources for mobile communications on an international level.
We are active members of the IEEE. Under its umbrella, we work with many industry partners on the next-generation Wi-Fi and Ethernet technologies. These technologies will support industrial automation and connected vehicles. We are also developing standards for smart cities and IoT for the power industry; these are key to drive the digital transformation of vertical industries.
Through the ETSI, we are working with telecom carriers to explore the cloud computing architectures of the future and develop standards for the automation of telecom networks. We are also part of industry-wide efforts to build up a multi-access edge computing (MEC) ecosystem, so that innovative new applications can reach the market more quickly.
Alongside China’s big three carriers, we are building China’s system of 5G standards and helping industries incorporate this new technology to ensure a smooth evolution to 5G.
We engage with emerging industries: We are contributing to standards in domains such as AI, consumer-facing businesses, and intelligent vehicles. We support the establishment of standards organizations and industry ecosystems in emerging domains.
Huawei actively supports emerging industries. Alongside industry partners, we establish and promote industry alliances to help build alignment across the industry so that new applications can be quickly commercialized and the industry can develop more sustainably.
We join and support emerging ecosystems: We have joined forces with industry partners to establish industry alliances such as the 5G Applications Industry Alliance (5GAIA), 5G Deterministic Network Industry Alliance, 5G Cloud VR Industry Alliance, AIoT Industry Alliance, and the Intelligent Big Video Data Industry Alliance. These alliances promote the development of key technologies, formulate and promote industry standards, and encourage training and skill transfer. This helps accelerate innovation and elevate each industry to the next level.
We have expanded our partnership with ITU-D to deliver digital skills: In September 2019, Huawei and ITU-D signed a memorandum of understanding for a high-level partnership. We will expand our work with the ITU across its global network for delivering digital skills to different communities. At centers of excellence run by ITU partners around the world, we will provide training courses, access to expert resources, and other support for new technologies like AI and 5G.
We are active members and supporters of major international industry alliances, including GSMA, the Alliance of Industrial Internet (AII), the 5G Automotive Association (5GAA), and the Edge Computing Consortium (ECC). Through these groups, we are driving the digital transformation of the telecom industry, and speeding the adoption of digital technology in other industries, which will help provide a path to sustainable growth for the ICT sector.
- We launched the 5GAA with our partners in Europe, and continue to carry out joint innovation in autonomous driving, smart manufacturing, and other related domains.
- We started a task group for smart IoT models within the AII, which will address challenges in IoT application development and better enable the industry as a whole.
- We helped create the 5G Alliance for Connected Industries and Automation (5G-ACIA) to integrate 5G into smart manufacturing, advance the Industry
- 4.0 model, and create new applications and scenarios for 5G in smart manufacturing.
Open source communities
We embrace open source and continue to contribute more resources to open source projects. We are a major contributor to leading open source foundations and communities, and we are bringing more open innovations and open ecosystems to the ICT industry.
We continued to increase our contributions to major global open source communities like CNCF, OpenStack, OCI, ONAP, OPNFV, Akraino, Acumos, Hadoop, and Linaro.
- We sit on more than 10 different boards of major international open source communities. Huawei serves in more than 200 Technical Steering Committee, Project Team Lead, and Core Committer roles. We are among the leading code contributors in these communities.
- We are an active supporter of open source in the telecom sector as a route to industry innovation and industry digitization. We contribute NSMF and CCVPN use cases to ONAP, which has helped to enable interoperability between different vendors and carriers, and bring innovative technologies into commercial use more quickly.
- Within Acumos, we championed and delivered integration with ONAP, so that machine learning can power intelligent O&M that is accessible to the entire industry.
- We contributed interfaces and blueprints to ONAP and Akraino projects so that they could harmonize with standards organizations like 3GPP, ETSI, and IETF.
- We add value to open source software and make it easier to use for developers.
- In partnership with open source communities, we launched the OpenLab program that supports better integration across communities, and released integration and verification baselines.
- We support open certification to enable more effective open source commercialization. Under the Linux Foundation Networking (LFN) umbrella, we led the OPNFV Verification Program (OVP) to ease interoperability issues between vendors.
- In the ONAP community, we teamed up with China Mobile and Tencent to develop a showcase application that supports automatic deployment and intelligent control of 5G private lines for third-party applications. This application won the 2019 Innovation Award at the Global Network Technology Conference.
We work with leading open source communities to build out the Arm ecosystem. We continue to provide the infrastructure needed for Arm development, compilation, and verification, and share best practices in optimization for Arm. With our support, more open source communities can support development, optimization, and release on Arm.
More open source releases of Huawei software: We announced plans to release the code for our ARK Compiler, OpenEuler, and GaussDB OLTP standalone version. We also released a number of complete projects, including basic software, cloud native services, big data, microservices, and storage. Examples include the release of Cyborg for OpenStack; CarbonData for big data; SODA for intelligent data and storage; KubeEdge and Volcano for cloud native communities; and ServiceComb for microservices. These open source projects have been widely used by developers and user groups.
Huawei is committed to open innovation and close collaboration between industry and scientific researchers. By bridging the gap between innovation and standardization, we have become a meaningful contributor to global standards and industry ecosystems.
Only innovation can drive progress and steer our path to the future. Huawei itself is shifting from an Innovation 1.0 model to Innovation 2.0. In Innovation 1.0, we focused on innovation in technology and engineering to meet our customers’ needs. Innovation 2.0 means breakthroughs in basic theory and developing new basic technologies, driven by our shared vision for the future. We continue to push to the very edges of the Shannon Limit and break through the confines of Moore’s law, so that our technologies can continue to support the exponential growth of information in the intelligent world.
Huawei has helped bring together industry demand with the academic researcher community. We have engaged in a number of research partnerships, and continue to provide increased support for research into basic technologies and basic theories.
- We enable two-way communication and partnerships between universities and businesses. Our academic salons have helped academic researchers better understand real-world needs and challenges that the industry faces. On this basis, we and our research partners have been able to jointly develop research proposals that directly address the constraints of existing technology.
- The Huawei Innovation Research Program (HIRP) has provided funding for innovation projects at more than 400 universities and research institutes, and more than 900 businesses across over 30 countries and regions. In Europe, this program has disbursed a total of US$100 million in research funding. We work with 140 European universities, research institutes, and consulting agencies, and have supported the work of more than 230 researchers and over 150 academic institutions in Europe.
We established the Huawei Institute of Strategic Research, which will boost our ability to research the cutting-edge technologies that are still five to ten years into the future. It will propose questions and potential solutions based on our vision and our insight into the latest technology trends; identify future technology pathways and their commercial potential; and incubate new technologies, new product types, new business models, and new opportunities for the industry. This institute will ensure that Huawei does not lose its way and miss out on future opportunities.
We have boosted investment in trustworthy technology to strengthen our position as a trusted supplier and partner in the industry. In 2019, we established a lab that will focus on innovations in trustworthiness theories and breakthroughs in key technologies. With this lab, we aim to improve our software engineering and develop new ways to enhance the trustworthiness of our products and services, ensuring both processes and results are trustworthy.
We work with global partners to provide digital transformation services for end customers.
We work on an ongoing basis to expand and prime the ICT market for new growth, deepening and expanding relationships with solution partners worldwide. In 2019, we added more than 6,600 registered partners.
We have expanded our program of joint innovation with global partners in AI, cloud, computing, 5G, and other domains. We have launched joint solutions with more than 1,200 partners in 10 major technological domains (e.g., Kunpeng and Ascend) across 16 key industries, including public utilities, electricity, and manufacturing.
We work with our innovation partners on joint marketing and sales for new solutions, and jointly deliver digital services to end customers. We also provide more incentives for our partners to develop replicable solutions.
We work closely with over 1,000 partners in Europe to develop innovative solutions. We have built OpenLabs in Munich and Paris. These OpenLabs give our partners access to Huawei’s ICT capabilities, so they can leverage professional functionality in areas like 5G factories, industrial Internet, edge computing, and big data analytics to meet the needs of customers in manufacturing, transportation, smart city, and smart campus domains. We have helped a wide range of industries to digitize and pursue diversified growth.
Huawei provides full-stack, open ICT capabilities and intelligence, enabling digital services across all scenarios.
We use HUAWEI CLOUD to help developers improve their skills and offer new capabilities. Over 570,000 developers in the ICT sector are now registered with Huawei.
We launched the Huawei Developer Program 2.0 to build a full-stack software ecosystem based on our Kunpeng and Ascend processors. We aim to deliver upgrades in our developer services in five key areas: products, enablement, alliances, communities, and incentives. Over the next five years, we will invest US$1.5 billion in this program.
We have issued more than 260,000 Huawei certifications, and there are now more than 10,000 Huawei Certified ICT Experts (HCIEs) around the world. In addition, we have begun offering developer training courses and certification systems for Kunpeng and Ascend.
In the consumer sector, we are committed to working with global developers to build up the Huawei Mobile Services (HMS) ecosystem. We support innovation by application developers and partners, so that they can deliver better experiences for consumers.
We have launched and will continue to enable the HMS ecosystem, which gives developers access to our HMS Core and HMS Capability, including 24 HMS Core kits.
We offer multiple initiatives, such as the Shining-Star Program, to encourage global developers to join the HMS ecosystem and innovate. The initial investment in this program is US$1 billion.
Industrial policy recommendations
Huawei researches and consults on industrial policy, and offers recommendations to world governments on developing their local ICT sector. As an active participant in the digital economy, we also engage with international research into digital rules and digital governance to help spur ongoing growth.
We regularly engage with governments and industry regulators around the world so that we can bolster growth in the ICT industry by jointly addressing key policy issues.
We are active participants in national discussions on strategies for the digital economy. Examples include our involvement in supporting strategy development for the rollout of all-optical networks in China and Europe; and helping countries such as Myanmar, Bangladesh, and Tanzania make plans for efficiently allocating their Universal Service Funds (USFs).
We work with telecom carriers in the UK to maintain dialogue with the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport (DCMS) and Ofcom, the UK’s communications regulator. These discussions focus on industry policies (e.g., spectrum allocation and future networks), new Telecoms Security Requirements (TSR), and the Statement of Strategic Priorities (SSP) for the telecom sector.
We participate in public consultations in Germany with various digital policy committees, conferences, institutions, and ministries, and have engaged in discussions on digital policies through various channels, including:
- The Federal Association for Information Technology, Telecommunications and New Media (Bitkom), the Association of Telecommunications and Value-Added Service Providers (VATM), the German Broadband Association (BREKO), the Federal Fiber Optic Connection Association (BUGLAS), and the Association of the Internet Industry (eco).
We have also regularly participated in public consultations and technical discussions with the Federal Network Agency (BNetzA), Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI), and Federal Office for Information Security (BSI).
We set up the Huawei Cyber Security Transparency Centre in Brussels, Belgium, with the mission of building a trustworthy digital environment for all. Through this facility, we have worked more closely with regulators, standards organizations, and customers on security standards, verification, and security innovation. We are building security along the entire value chain, with verification to enable mutual trust.
We actively participate in setting digital rules and shaping digital governance, to help build an open, fair, and inclusive business environment that drives the digital economy forward.
We conducted forward-looking research on AI ethics and governance with research teams from the TUM Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence (IEAI), the Alan Turing Institute, University College London, and the EU’s High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence (AI HLEG).
We published a series of recommendations for AI governance in a report entitled Responsible AI: Building a Trustworthy Intelligent World. In this report, we share Huawei’s principles and best practices for AI governance:
- We aim to build inclusive and responsible AI for the social good.
- We adhere to the principles of transparency and fairness to ensure the security and reliability of our AI products, services, and processes.
- We ensure the controllability and legitimacy of AI, and promote the healthy development of AI through multilateral and open collaboration while balancing innovation and regulation. This will ensure the shared success of all parties.
We worked with leading global industry organizations to develop a white paper on industry digital transformation through the Global Industry Organizations (GIO). In this paper, we shared industry insights and the best practices of each organization, and developed a consensus on the need for alignment between organizations. This project has helped to develop an open forum for debate in the industry.