Sharp traffic increasing challenges the traditional pipe operational model. Monetization and management are the issues of the day for operators, as is the question of how to turn dumb pipes into smart ones.
Optical distribution networks (ODNs), thanks to their passive nature, are not easy to operate or maintain. ODN pipe resource information is not effectively managed; this brings about numerous O&M challenges.
SMBs require both software-based and traditional hardware-based services. In-house boxes are nearing obsolescence and their utility is diminished in a cloud-enabled world; there is now an emerging alternative.