Huawei is committed to promoting green ICT solutions. We aim to drive industries to conserve energy and reduce emissions and build an environmentally friendly low-carbon society that saves resources. We use innovative energy solutions to help our customers and users reduce their power consumption and carbon emissions. At the same time, we take products' environmental impacts into account throughout the entire supply process. In particular, we carry out waste recycling, product trade-in programs, and other such activities to improve the reuse rate of returned materials, reduce the landfill rate of waste, and minimize the negative impact on the environment. We work with all other players in the industry chain to build a more beautiful, greener world.
Huawei's hybrid power solution PowerCube 1000 helps to provide stable power supply in a green, intelligent, and cost-effective manner and provides digital connectivity to remote areas, especially remote areas in Africa where power is inaccessible or unstable.
The solution integrates enhanced digital and AI technologies. In Africa, for example, the solution helped dramatically cut the TCO, making it possible to build wireless base stations in a more economical manner. In addition, this helped customers halve both their fuel costs and carbon emissions. For example, after deploying Huawei PowerCube 1000, a carrier in Ethiopia saw annual fuel savings of 12 million liters.
By the end of 2018, the Huawei PowerCube 1000 solution had been widely applied across 93 countries and regions and provided telecom energy services for more than 130 carriers, helping Huawei earn customer trust and support.
At the awards ceremony of the 21st AfricaCom, held in November 2018, Huawei's hybrid power solution PowerCube 1000 received the Best Sustainable Power Solution award.
At the Huawei Global Analyst Summit 2018, Huawei launched PowerStar, a new solution aimed at reducing the energy consumption of multi-mode multi-band mobile communications networks. With PowerStar on networks, base stations typically use between 10% and 15% less energy, cutting around 2,000 tons of CO2 emissions annually for every 1,000 sites. Huawei's solution allows carriers to cut network OPEX, while helping take the telecom industry one step closer to the UN's SDG 13 –Climate Action.
Enabled by AI and other innovative technologies, Huawei's PowerStar solution allows well-coordinated energy saving across different base stations of a network working on different bands and modes. With the solution, power saving strategies can be customized based on network configuration and data traffic. That means a different energy-saving policy can be adopted for each base station, reducing unnecessary energy consumption in wireless networks. Our aim is to ensure "Zero Bit, Zero Watt", and save as much energy as possible without undermining wireless network performance.
Huawei's PowerStar solution has been verified and deployed in multiple countries such as China, South Africa, and Morocco. According to a GSMA case study on PowerStar in South Africa, the solution can help increase carrier energy savings on main wireless network equipment by 11.6%, saving 6.43 kWh per day for a single base station while maintaining stable network performance.
In Zhejiang Province, China, PowerStar helped carriers reduce power consumption by 12% on main wireless network equipment. This solution is expected to save 26 million kWh power for all wireless networks in Zhejiang each year. It is estimated that a typical live network with 1,000 base stations can save 1.46 million kWh of power per year with PowerStar, equivalent to a reduction of 1,370 tons of carbon emissions per year.
Huawei fulfills its extended producer responsibility. We have developed a global recycling system for consumer products and offer consumers channels for recycling their used electronics products. This helps reduce the environmental impact, such as pollution, caused by scrapping electronic products. We have also organized recycling initiatives to give consumers a better understanding of Huawei's recycling channels, and invite them to participate in the recycling process. These efforts have contributed to a circular economy. By the end of 2018, we had more than 1,300 recycling stations in 48 countries and regions around the world.
Recycling website outside China: https://consumer.huawei.com/en/support/recycling/
In 2018, we further scaled up our product trade-in program to lower the purchase cost of new products while increasing the reuse rate of old products. In China, we also introduced a new online program: credit-based recycling, where we give users coupons in return for recycling. We also established 193 new trade-in stations. Outside China, our trade-in program is available in nine countries, including Russia, Italy, Germany, and the United Arab Emirates. In 2018, we recycled more than 140,000 phones worldwide through the trade-in program.
Online trade-in platform in the UK: https://www.hihonor.com/uk/tradein/index.html
Huawei EMUI, a custom mobile operating system based on Android, offers free upgrades to old users. The EMUI system that is based on major Android releases is updated every year, and some phone models can even enjoy two free upgrades of major Android releases each year. In this way, users can enjoy the latest experiences enabled by EMUI and Android over the course of their mobile phone's lifespan.
Huawei is committed to quickly upgrading old phones to the latest major EMUI version. We also continuously launch new technologies like GPU Turbo and new features, such as full-screen gestures, emergency SOS, WeChat fingerprint payment, and security patches, to older models so they can stay up to date. Our latest EMUI versions provide users of older models with the latest features and rich, smart experiences in their work and entertainment. This extends the lifecycle of mobile phones, maximizes the benefits for consumers, and contributes greatly to the circular economy.
In 2018, Huawei Device launched a Battery Replacement program, through which users can replace their old phone batteries at a fixed low price. This program covers more than 70 old and new models at more than 1,200 service centers and through multiple digital retail platforms. Through this program, Huawei provides cost-effective and convenient battery replacement services for 200,000 consumers every month, extending the lifespans of their phones. In addition, we provide standard battery disposal programs to avoid potential security risks caused by unauthorized removal, installation, or maintenance of batteries.
We have also initiated a discounted repair program to help reduce maintenance costs for consumers, maximize the reuse of spare parts and other related resources, and extend mobile phones lifespans through maintenance. With this program, Huawei even returns consumers' phones directly to production factories for general repair, screen replacement, and motherboard maintenance.
While ensuring security and compliance, we have used digital technologies to establish a global management system for returned materials, covering material return and storage, and scrapping. This can help increase the reuse rate of materials and better dispose of waste.
We have gradually refined the channels for handling returned materials, and have different reuse channels based on materials' lifecycle phase, quality, and packaging. Reusable products that meet certain criteria are first allocated to our internal reuse channels such as for R&D, spare parts, and new manufacturing. For materials that do not involve cyber security risks or sensitive information, we resell the items or have them disassembled and recycled by certified service providers if there is no internal demand for these materials. As of the end of 2018, the reuse rate of Huawei's returned products was 82.3%.
Huawei fully complies with related standards for e-waste disposal. We have put in place a global scrapped materials management system that records the type, quantity, and weight of scrapped materials worldwide. We have also expanded our partnerships with leading e-waste disposal companies, and shared our waste disposal data with them. We have worked together to identify key materials that impact the environment, and developed targeted disposal solutions to help reduce landfill e-waste. In 2018, we disposed of 11,332 tons of e-waste globally, among which 190 tons (only 1.68%) were landfilled.
The growing population and demand worldwide is leading to increased resource scarcity, environmental pollution, and ecological damage. This forces all industries to raise sustainable development to a strategic level, and this is how the idea of a circular economy originated. Under the circular economy model, substances are managed in a closed-loop manner. The goal is to maximize product value and reduce waste and resource consumption, as well as environmental and ecological impact.
Huawei has incorporated circular economy practices into our product design. We use the latest technology to improve resource efficiency. And we conduct cradle to cradle recycling practices, implement circular economy policies and requirements, and reward circular economy efforts for sustainable resource use.
We have put in place a global management system for returned materials, incorporating the collection, storage, disassembly, testing, repair, and disposal of waste. Every scrapped item is categorized by lifecycle phase and quality, so that we can recover as much of its value as possible. Reusable materials are allocated to our internal reuse channels – such as the R&D, manufacturing, parts, and assets departments – where materials are reused or auctioned off without incurring cyber security risks. For reusable equipment, we perform final assembly test (FAT) of the whole product to avoid unnecessary material waste caused by dismantling. Non-reusable materials are allocated to the raw material recycling channel, in which certified recycling service providers dismantle and recycle the materials.
Huawei runs a Global Green Recycling Program, in which we strive to fulfill our extended producer responsibility. As of late 2016, we had 705 recycling stations in 36 countries and regions around the world for handling of scrapped mobile phones, tablets, and other electronic products. In addition, through our recycling initiatives including in-store and online trade-in, we give consumers greater understanding of the benefits of properly recycling products such as mobile phones, and allow them to participate in the process.
By collaborating with leading, qualified product recyclers, we maximize the value of the electronic products and ensure the scrapped items are properly processed in an environmentally responsible manner. This reduces environmental pollution and damage caused by e-waste, and promotes the development of a circular economy.
Huawei is dedicated to reducing energy consumption and carbon emissions in the ICT industry and to enabling other industries to do the same. We are committed to a low-carbon world: We provide smart and clean energy solutions, enable smart cities and green industries, and help our customers conserve energy and cut emissions. Through these efforts, we aim to make the world greener.
Huawei's research has found that 40% of the power used by communications networks is wasted, 57% of network outages are caused by infrastructure issues, and base station maintenance requires huge labor inputs. During a ten-year period, 50% to 60% of the cost of a data center is the cost of powering it. Solar power stations never achieve an efficiency of more than 80%. When a 100MW power station goes down, the losses are counted in the millions of US dollars.
Huawei believes in simple, efficient, and reliable power sources for a green, better connected world. To achieve this vision, we use bits to control watts, and we cut the number of watts needed to power our bits. Digital technology, networks, and smart technology can revolutionize our infrastructure. By focusing on three key areas – network energy, data center energy, and solar energy – Huawei is steering ICT infrastructure onto a greener path.
Huawei has deployed over two million network energy solutions across more than 170 countries. We have constructed over 800 data centers. According to IHS and GTM Research, Huawei's PV inverter is the most popular in the world, ranking No. 1 in shipment in the market. We have broad, ongoing relationships with the world's top 50 network energy customers.
As networks evolve to 4G and 5G architecture, they face significant power challenges. Huawei solutions provide energy savings at the equipment, base station, and network levels. They can help carriers increase power efficiency and cut costs. Starting with base station design and smart temperature controls, our smart base station solutions can achieve energy efficiencies of up to 95%. Comprehensive efficiency techniques raise overall network efficiency by 20%.
Smart base station management means that 90% of the labor can be automated or handled remotely. Added value functions such as remote management, automated O&M, and smart big data analytics mean that dumb equipment can be made digital, and base station power consumption optimized. Onsite inspections and fault handling can be reduced by 60%, which means our carrier customers can boost their O&M efficiency by 150%.
The ITU and Huawei jointly hosted the ICT Energy Efficiency Forum in Madrid in May 2016. The theme of the event was "Building a Better Connected World, Making Networks Greener." Executives from leading global carriers, industry experts, and consultants shared their insights on topics including energy efficiency standards for green networks, strategies and practices for improving energy efficiency, and innovative ideas and technological solutions to reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions.
The ICT Energy Efficiency Forum
In the Middle East and Africa, power is the biggest cost for mobile carriers. Energy can burn up 70% of the O&M budget for a network. Where mains supplies are unreliable or unavailable, Huawei's green hybrid power solutions not only require much less fuel than traditional diesel generators, they also cut maintenance costs and emit much less CO2. To date, Huawei has delivered over 50,000 hybrid base station power solutions to more than 130 customers in 93 countries and regions.
At the Middle East & Africa (MEA) Tower Summit Meeting in October 2016, TowerXchange presented the Green Initiative Award to Huawei and IHS. The award recognized the contributions which Huawei has made to energy efficiency, carbon emissions reduction, O&M cost savings, and long-term sustainability in the ICT industry.
Huawei receives the Green Initiative Award from TowerXchange
Huawei's Smart Data Center solutions are based on independently functional modules for quick rollout and flexibility. To meet the high uptime needs of large cloud data centers and enterprise applications, Huawei has developed a new uninterruptible power source (UPS) module that can adapt to the challenges of power supplies anywhere in the world. The solution also uses iCooling and other technologies to achieve optimum power usage effectiveness (PUE). The infrastructure is also digitized with IT technology so that O&M can be proactive rather than reactive. This enables high reliability at the same time as best-of-breed O&M efficiency.
In November 2016, Frost & Sullivan officially presented the "Global Modular UPS Company of the Year Award" to Huawei at an award ceremony in Paris in recognition of Huawei's product innovations, industry leadership, and outstanding contributions to the sustainable development of the modular UPS industry.
Smart cities combine ICT with IoT to enable the city to manage its assets more safely and efficiently. Urban assets include cities' information networks, schools, libraries, transport systems, hospitals, power stations, water pipe networks, waste disposal systems, law enforcement, and other community services. With CCTV networks and sensors, infrastructure data and public information can be collected for big data analytics, to ultimately improve the quality, effectiveness, and interactivity of urban services. At the same time, cost and waste can be reduced.
Huawei is a supporter of smart city development. We provide ICT infrastructure that can be integrated into comprehensive smart city solutions by our many partners, as part of a healthy smart city ecosystem. Together we can deliver exciting new solutions to make our cities smarter.
The Huawei FusionSolar solution merges digital, Internet, and photovoltaic technologies into the industry's leading smart PV solution. By making simpler, all-digital solar stations that support automated O&M globally, Huawei has made solar power stations more efficient, smarter, safer, and more reliable. We are helping our customers maximize value over the lifetime of their installations, and our solution is already in use all over the globe.
Shifting the economy of Datong from coal to solar
On July 5, 2016, Huawei and the China Renewable Energy Society (CRES) organized the Smart Photovoltaic Technology Forum at Datong, in northern China. 500 of China's leading experts on solar power attended including CRES members, engineers, investors, and business leaders. The discussion covered past experience with solar power station projects, the future developments of the industry, and how the latest technologies will help the industry as it faces a tail-off in supportive subsidies. The success of the forum has helped spur technological advances in China's photovoltaic industry, and make the industry both broader and deeper.
Smart Photovoltaic Technology Forum, organized by China Renewable Energy Society and Huawei
Huawei's philosophy of openness, collaboration, and shared success has led it to work with many partners, both upstream and downstream, to build an open and supportive smart photovoltaics industry. As the price of solar power becomes more competitive, renewable energy will be able to develop in a healthier, more sustainable way. Through collaborative effort, the industry can build a supplier ecosystem for the energy Internet.
The Climate Group estimates that there are approximately 304 million street lamps around the globe, and that this figure will reach 352 million in 2025. The prevalence of street lamps brings significant convenience to peoples' lives. However, traditional high pressure sodium lamps consume huge amounts of electricity, are costly to manage, and are thus a persistent headache for city administrations.
Huawei's Lighting IoT Solution connects all street lamps across a city into a unified IoT network, and gives city administrations a clear picture of all street lamps in every local district. The solution's flexible lighting policy can accurately turn on or off lamps and adjust their brightness. This on-demand approach can reduce electricity usage by as much as 80%. A lighting network linking hundreds of millions of lighting facilities is the first step towards building a better connected public facility IoT. When smart devices for lighting, road traffic management, environment monitoring, and public facility management are linked together, a better connected public facility IoT will take shape to power a smart city.
Smart Lighting IoT Solution Powers Smart Cities