There are more than 14 million yaks in the world, 5 million of which live in Qinghai. That is why Qinghai is called the yak capital of the world. Yaks are indispensable to every aspect of Qinghai people's life. Animal husbandry is the pillar industry of Qinghai, but the traditional farming way is laborious. Now, this is changing.
Sun Haiyun lives at Liebujia village in Hualong county, Haidong city, and he has been farming yaks for almost 20 years. Keeping the yaks at the hilltop, he used to climb the hill for 500 meters four or five times every day to check his yaks. He would stay there for two hours every time regardless of the weather.
This year, Qinghai Unicom deployed F5G* high-speed fiber network in Liebujia village. The villagers used gigabit broadband for the first time and Sun also started his smart yak farming.
Sun said that yak farming used to mean a lot of manual labor, and he could hardly leave the pasture especially when the yaks enter the stall for the first time. Every batch of yaks would have two or three dead because they cannot acclimatize. Then dozens of days spent looking after them and tens of thousands yuan spent on them are fruitless.
Now, with the gigabit optical network, video backhaul devices deployed on the pastures at the hilltop can transmit back the high-definition (HD) videos in real time. Yak farming becomes worry-free and labor-saving. Farmers do not need to go to the pasture several times a day to check and look after the yaks. At home, they can see the status of hundreds of yaks in real time on the phone.
"Qinghai is a vast land with a sparse population and most villages are remote, which makes it difficult to deploy the networks. But Qinghai Unicom, in cooperation with Huawei, used the AirPON solution to deploy the networks in just 14 hours. 200 villagers in four villages can now access a gigabit network through highly integrated AirPON devices. Said Ma Yanxiang, a project manager of the cloud network operation delivery center at China Unicom Haidong Branch.
With the help of gigabit optical networks, the HD videos of the pastures are transmitted back in real time. On the Internet, villagers can learn more yak farming knowledge and improve their work efficiency so that they have more time to accompany their families. "The core of smart agriculture is to free people from simple but repetitive and exhausting labor. We hope that we can change the life of people living in remote areas through high-speed networks." Said Ma.
Huawei is devoted to help operators deploy low-carbon, efficient, and intelligent gigabit optical networks. By the end of 2020 Qinghai Unicom covered eight cities and autonomous prefectures and 42 counties in the province with high-speed gigabit optical networks connecting 1.1 million villagers in 1413 villages and promoting the development of digital villages and smart agriculture.