The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 global goals set by the United Nations in 2015 to transform our world. It’s a blueprint for a better and more sustainable future for all. The goals put forward the global challenges we face, including challenges related to poverty, inequality, climate, environmental degradation, prosperity, peace and justice. These goals are associated with each other to prevent any one from falling out, and we have to achieve every goal by 2030, which leaves us only 11 years.
The United Nations information shows:
These figures express the arduousness of the challenges of changing these situations. Although there has been a positive trend, the transition to the development path required to achieve the goal by 2030 has not yet reached the required speed, which requires us to work together to develop more favorable policies to accelerate the achievement of SDGs through more innovative solutions.
SDG 4: Quality Education
(72% correlation with ICT)
In the future, all development is inseparable from talents and culture. However, there are currently more than 265 million children out of school worldwide, which greatly hinders social and economic development. The high correlation between SDG 4 and ICT skills indicates that a country's overall education level is closely related to its ICT education and training level. Only when the need for the required skills is satisfied can we promote the fair development of the whole society.
SDG 3: Good Health & Well-Being (70% correlation with ICT)
Up to 6 million children still die each year before their fifth birthday: from childbirth, lack of vaccinations or proper food. ICT infrastructure can improve health coverage, and provide access to affordable medicines and vaccines for all. Digital access can help make healthcare access a lifelong right for every person.
SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure (63% correlation with ICT)
16% of the global population does not have access to mobile broadband networks. Research has found that people and organizations' ability to access and use ICT services is more likely to drive economic development than ICT education and skills. Therefore, countries should focus on improving the access and use of ICTs, increase investment in industry, innovation and infrastructure, promote industrial development, and enable people to enjoy the social and economic dividends brought about by ICT development and promote social equity development.
SDG 5: Gender equality (57% correlation with ICT)
The United Nations Sustainable Development Agenda shows that the number of girls enrolled in schools has increased significantly compared to 2000, indicating that investing in ICT construction in this area can also bring huge benefits. The relevance of SDG 5 to ICT use and skills is 57%, which is higher than the relevance of ICT access, which may indicate that we can promote the progress of SDG 5 – gender equality – by increasing women's ICT education, training and ICT use opportunities.
ICT infrastructure, the connectivity it provides, and availability of devices such as mobile phones, tablets, and computers play a major role in enabling access to information and services for individuals and organizations in both developed and developing nations, which can form a basis for progress on almost all SDGs in some way. Inequitable access to resources, information, education, and services of all kinds exacerbates disparities worldwide.
Increased access leads to better connectivity and communication between people, homes, intelligent devices, IoT nodes, and the companies and organizations people interface with at an instantaneous or near-instantaneous speed. This can increase productivity and innovation for a broad range of sectors and communities, and provide the real-time communications needed for rapid scaling of critical human-oriented services.
The access to information and communication ICT provides holds immense potential to raise the productivity and efficiency of many human activities. Digital technologies provide solutions for more efficient ways to collect and analyze large sets of data with the help of big data analytical tools, which has wide-ranging implications for SDG progress.
How digital technology activates and accelerates the sustainable development of Ghana, India, South Korea and Turkey.