Gross profit less research and development expenses, selling and administrative expenses, plus other (expenses)/income, net
Cash and short term investments
Cash and cash equivalents plus other current investments
Current assets less current liabilities
Total liabilities expressed as a percentage of total assets
Days of sales outstanding (DSO)
Trade receivables at the end of the year divided by revenue, and multiplied by 360 days
Inventory turnover days (ITO)
Inventories at the end of the year divided by cost of sales, and multiplied by 360 days
Days of payables outstanding (DPO)
Trade payables at the end of the year divided by cost of sales, and multiplied by 360 days
Cash flow before change in operating assets and liabilities
Net profit plus depreciation, amortization, unrealized exchange loss, interest expense, loss on disposal of fixed and intangible assets, and other non-operating expense, less unrealized exchange gain, investment income, gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets, and other non-operating income.
Exchange rates used in the annual report:
Please see the attachment for more information.