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As the market expands and industry models continue to develop, the sharing economy has begun to truly mature. By June 2017, for example, more than 100 million people had used China’s shared bicycles. The nation’s Belt and Road Initiative has further helped the shared bike phenomenon spread through Southeast Asia, Central Asia, and even Europe and the US.

But, the popularization of sharing services has led to rising expectations and users are no longer satisfied with the basic sharing service. They want a bike exactly when and where they need one. And they want to pedal away quickly. As well as frustration at how easily the bikes can be damaged, complaints about slow unlocking and payments are on the rise.

ofo has consistently optimized its operations and marketing to become the world’s largest shared bicycle platform with the highest market share. But a range of challenges still remain, including inefficient equipment management, failure to balance communications and power dissipation, and low density of data collection sites.

In response, ofo explored new possibilities of smart management, and decided to work with a number of ecosystem partners to move the sharing economy one step closer to the intelligent era.


network capacity compared to standard terminals


average payment process time

2-3 years

battery life of NB-IoT lock

ofo has 8 million bikes in China and 25 million rides occur daily. Globally, it serves more than 100 million users from 170 cities in 9 countries.


Launched in June 2015 and headquartered in Beijing, ofo ( leads the market with downloads, users, user growth, bicycles, daily orders, average daily bike usage, and other indexes.

    ofo Inc.
  • Covered Markets

    Mainland China, USA, UK, Singapore, Japan, Kazakhstan, Thailand, Malaysia and Austria


    Beijing, China


    Shared bicycle



The history of ofo

Sept. 2016

ofo successively gains investments from Weilie Capital, Dongfang Hongdao, Jinshajiang Ventures, Zhenge Fund, angel investor Wang Gang, and Jingwei China. In October 2016, it completed $130 million C-round financing.

March 2017

ofo announces $450 million D-round financing, led by DST, followed by Didi, CITIC Industrial Fund, Jingwei China, Coatue, Atomico, Xinhualian Group and many other domestic and foreign institutions.

April 2017

ofo receives strategic investment from Ant Financial. Both parties conduct deepened and strategic cooperation in payment, credit, internationalization and other fields.

June 2017

ofo, China Telecom and Huawei jointly develop NB-IoT (Narrow Band Internet of Things), and "IoT Smart Locks" are formally applied in ofo’s bikes. They are the world's first "IoT smart locks." and also NB-IoT’s first commercial use in mobile scenarios.

July 2017

ofo announces the completion of more than $700 million new-round financing, the highest single-transaction financing record in the industry, with the No.1 total financing amount in the industry.


Whether it’s shared space, books or bikes, the sharing economy is built upon the concept of “use it when you need it.” The Chinese government describes the sharing economy as an excellent example of supply side reform that drives wider economic restructuring. With this official seal of approval and strong popular interest, any sharing platform can succeed if it knows the market and has the right amount of technical integration and support.

One of the challenge is unsustainable business models, as companies that go for maximum user numbers soon lose their competitiveness. However, market segmentation based on analytics can focus on and retain high-value users.

For the shared bike scenario, two approaches can revitalize a jaded business model:

  • Implement smart management.
  • Seek partners for new innovations.

ofo has consistently optimized its operations and marketing to become the world’s largest shared bicycle platform with the highest market share. But a range of challenges still remain, including inefficient equipment management, failure to balance communications and power dissipation, and low density of data collection sites.


The company’s top priority was to introduce and popularize smart locks to improve user experience and enable all kinds of value-added services.

In the past, although a variety of electronic smart lock technologies had certain strengths, they invariably had at least one glaring defect, for example, network compatibility, battery life, communication costs, or use.

The NB-IoT solution provides strong coverage in poor-signal areas and a network capacity that’s more than one hundred times stronger than standard terminals. The payment process has dropped from 25 seconds to less than 5, while battery life has been lengthened from 1 or 2 months to more than 2 years, saving costs and reducing the need for frequent maintenance.

Three key pillars support ofo’s tech upgrades: the company’s own platform, the commercial network provided by China Telecom, and Huawei’s intelligent chip-based NB-IoT solution. At the core is Huawei’s IoT solution, which includes smart chips, networking, and an IoT platform.

Ofo’s cooperation with Huawei on NB-IoT smart locks is a stepping stone to further maximizing the company’s potential and raising standards for its entire industry.

Huawei’s technology optimizes lifecycle management for locks, while the sensors on the locks collect information such as equipment status, user data, and operating data. They connect the front- and back-end industrial chains to achieve intelligent business management, allow the bikes to be located in hot spots, facilitate rapid maintenance, and boost marketing and VAS capabilities.


ofo’s tech-driven operational upgrades open the door to smart management

Scenario: Improvement in both get-off-work efficiency and bike-operation efficiency!

As urban expansion has led to longer commutes, more office workers are choosing to ride shared bikes from the subway station to the office. NB-IoT technology not only allows ofo to ensure its bikes are positioned at peak locations when commuter demand is highest, but also allows for 100% successful unlocking within just one second, ensuring greater satisfaction for busy commuters.

When launching its NB-IoT solution earlier this year, ofo founder and CEO Dai Wei commented that the cooperation between ofo, Huawei and China Telecom is a “mutually beneficial joint force of three global leading enterprises.”

While Huawei and China Telecom provide the necessary tech support, this is only the beginning of smart management.

ofo takes the lead in using Huawei's IoT smart platform, jointly driving the sharing economy towards the intelligent era

Key technology platforms for the sharing economy in the mobile area exist in the areas of perception, networking, and application. Perception is the ability of shared equipment to obtain data through sensors. Networking lets equipment process and analyze data. And application is the ability to deliver smart management.

This kind of mutually beneficial partnership is emerging as the best guarantee for innovation and progress in not just the sharing economy, but in all industries. With the right partnerships and technologies underpinning new business models, the smart sharing economy is destined to improve life for all and, in ofo’s case, contribute to a greener and cleaner world.



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