Protecting the Environment
The environment that we rely on for survival is deteriorating. Problems like climate change and rising sea levels are threatening the survival and development of humanity and every species on Earth. Our experience in working with environmental protection organizations tells us that ICT can help us better understand and protect nature. From forest monitoring to the protection of endangered species, Huawei is actively seeking to work with more environmental protection organizations and partners. Huawei hopes to use its ICT expertise to protect and maintain ecological balance and ensure the environment can benefit from technology.
STORY-Safeguarding Rainforests and Protecting Endangered Animals with AI
Illegal logging is both destroying rainforests and creating an existential threat to species such as the spider monkey. These rare monkeys play an important role in maintaining the ecosystem of the Costa Rican rainforest – they are highly efficient seed dispersers that help trees multiply by spreading seeds throughout the forest.
Since 2019, Huawei and Rainforest Connection (RFCx) have worked together to develop a platform that includes data collection devices, storage services, and intelligent analytics. These "Guardians" monitor and prevent illegal logging, in turn protecting endangered animals such as the spider monkey.
When the monitoring system detects sounds of illegal logging, such as chainsaws and trucks, it immediately pushes the specific location to forest rangers through an app so they can quickly locate the incident. Huawei's AI technology can also analyze the sounds of animals, including spider monkeys, aiding research into protecting them. With the help of AI, forest rangers and biologists are no longer alone in their fight to safeguard the world's rainforests.
In partnership with RFCx, Huawei has deployed its rainforest solutions in 10 countries and expects to cover about 6,000 square kilometers of rainforests by the end of 2020.
Topher White, the founder and CEO of RFCx, installing a Guardian
STORY-Protecting Amur Tigers and Amur Leopards with Technology
Four subspecies of wild tigers are still in existence in China, and among them, a very small number of Amur tigers remain in their natural habitat in Northeast China. The Northeastern China Tiger and Leopard National Park was established in August 2017 to protect these endangered species. Covering 14,600 square kilometers, the national park is currently equipped with technology to explore how it monitors and protects the habitat.
The National Forestry and Grassland Administration of China worked with Beijing Normal University to establish the Amur Tiger and Amur Leopard Monitoring and Research Center. The center developed a sky-to-earth monitoring system using technologies such as communications networks, satellite remote sensing, video and image data collection, AI, big data, and cloud computing. In December 2019, under the Administration's leadership, the sky-to-earth monitoring system was piloted across 5,000 square kilometers of the national park where Amur tigers and Amur leopards are the most concentrated.
Huawei and Jishi Media jointly created communications networks that integrate wired and wireless networks and broadband and narrowband technologies. A total of 42 LTE wireless base stations have been set up using China Broadcasting Network's 700 MHz band which is in low costs but offers wide coverage. The base stations are installed on existing fire-resistant towers. While the radius of a single station exceeds 10 km, the signal can span 18 km if unobstructed. The networks of the Northeastern China Tiger and Leopard National Park can monitor and transmit real-time information about animals, plants, soil, water quality, and air quality, in addition to preventing fire and theft. The networks also support real-time queries of ranger patrols, video and voice calls, and real-time event reporting.
By the end of 2019, the monitoring system had captured over 1,000 activities of Amur tigers and Amur leopards, over 1 million activities of sika deer and other wild animals, as well as natural resource images. The system is expected to cover the entire park by the end of 2020. This will ensure visibility into resources and help manage personnel. Conservationists recently discovered new litters of cubs in the tiger and leopard populations of northeast China. Ten tiger cubs and six leopard cubs were caught on camera, giving hope to those who work to protect the future of these majestic animals.
Huawei will continue working with the Amur Tiger and Amur Leopard Monitoring and Research Center of the National Forestry and Grassland Administration in the areas of intelligent video and image analysis, big data analytics, and 5G solutions. The partnership will also serve as an example for how to promote digital transformation of national parks and natural reserves around the world. We hope more partners will join us in using technology to better protect wildlife habitats and achieve harmony with nature.
An LTE base station in the Northeastern China Tiger and Leopard National Park
STORY-Huawei Smart Assistant∙TODAY and Air Lens: AI Simplifies Waste Sorting
In 2019, multiple Chinese cities began implementing waste sorting rules in the hope of improving urban environments, using resources more wisely, and promoting civic responsibility. The payoff will come in the form of huge social, economic, and ecological benefits. However, enforcing such rules is not easy, as it means a more scientific approach to managing waste that people have to get used to. After the waste sorting rules were officially introduced in Shanghai, a waste sorting section was immediately available on Huawei Assistant∙TODAY, explaining waste sorting methods to more than 100 million users in an understandable way.
Huawei also launched Air Lens to help users sort waste with a simple phone scan. The app supports the waste-sorting standards of multiple cities, and automatically switches standards based on user location. Air Lens's waste sorting function was demonstrated during the launch of the Mate 30 series of smartphones and attracted a lot of attention. Hundreds of millions of consumers now understand the AI-powered waste sorting function of Huawei smartphones, becoming more environmentally conscious in the process.
Huawei organized the DigiX digital lifestyle festival in four cities, allowing 30 million people to experience AI-powered waste sorting first hand. Compared with similar waste sorting apps, Air Lens is easier to use and more accurate. It was listed as one of China's most cutting-edge products at INNO AWARDS 2019.
Huawei aims to use technology to make people's lives easier and add value with applications. We take this as part of our mission and social responsibility. In the future, we will continue to work with consumers to protect the environment and contribute to a higher quality of digital life.