- To practice "Green Communications, Green Huawei, Green World" strategy
- To design and provide green solutions
- To respond actively to climate change byimplementing energy conservation and emissionsreduction measures
The ICT sector is an energy-intensive industry with further user growth and trafficgrowth leading to greater energy consumption. Huawei realizes the importance ofproviding energy-efficient solutions. To address this issue, Huawei has implemented the "Green Communications, Green Huawei, Green World" strategy in its operations,products, and services.
Huawei fully considers the need for environmental protection and evaluates itsimpact on the key areas of resource and energy consumption, greenhouse gas (GHG)emissions, and waste handling procedures for its products, services, and businessactivities. This understanding allows us to develop innovative solutions that minimizenegative environmental effects and maximize our active influence in facilitatingthe development of a low-carbon economy. Additionally, Huawei hopes to spreadour environmental protection practices, such as energy conservation and emissionsreduction, throughout society to achieve the goal of "Green Communication, GreenHuawei, and Green World."
By establishing and implementing the key performance indicators (KPIs) of UnitEnergy Consumption and Energy Conservation Quantity, Huawei has establishedand optimized an energy management system. Huawei’s energy management systemimplements energy conservation and emissions reduction activities in infrastructureconstruction, property management, management of lab electricity use, andmanagement of manufacturing energy consumption. Huawei focuses on improvingenergy utilization, makes plans for energy conservation renovation projects, andcontinuously improves the energy efficiency of office environments, including thecentral air-conditioning system, lighting system, and office and lab equipment. Thepower consumption of Huawei’s global R&D equipment and production equipmentis centralized in the research centers and production facilities in China, whichtogether account for 91% of all Huawei employees in China and 68% of Huaweiglobal employees. At Huawei representative and local offices, the major resourcesconsumed are energy and water.
In 2011, the CO2 emissions from our research centers and production facilitiesin China totaled 690,065 tons. This increase over 2010 emissions is due to twofactors:
- Increase of about 32% in the total number of employees in China;
- Increase in the size of our R&D facilities in Nanjing, Shanghai, and Beijing,amounting to a total of 638,000 m2, which requires greater amounts ofpower consumption, as well as natural gas for heating.
Energy Conservation and Emissions Reduction
The energy consumption of the research center and manufacturing base in Huawei’s China Region is primarily related to thepower consumption of manufacturing, R&D equipment, central air-conditioning, and lighting systems; the diesel consumption of generators; the gas consumption of service cars; and the natural gas consumption of canteens and heating.
Huawei strictly implements regulations on air-conditioning and lighting for indoor heating, strictly controls environmentaltemperatures, adjusts the on-and-off time of its systems in a timely manner, and reduces the consumption of diesel and gas bymaintaining generators and establishing fuel consumption per hundred kilometers for cars.
12th Five-Year (2011-2015) Energy Conservation and Emissions Reduction Plan
Target: 40 million kWh of power savings by 2015
Case Study: Carbon Disclosure Project
The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) is a joint initiative of the world's largest investors to promote dialogues between companies and investors, based onhigh-quality information disclosure to help companies reasonably address climate change.
To address the challenges of climate change, Huawei establishedthe CDP project team in September 2011 and established a GHG management mechanism and calculating method based on the ISO14064 standard.Huawei identified risks and opportunities in climate change and measured and disclosedits 2011 corporate GHG emissions. Huawei continuously reduces any impact that may worsenclimate change by implementing GHG emissions reduction measures.
Huawei is attentive to the protection of water resources andproper disposal of sewage. Our water consumption is mainlyrelated to landscape maintenance, food service, cooling, andproduction activities. In the process of operations, we promotecleaner production technologies to reduce water consumptionand implement water conservation measures, such as usingrecycled cooling water and purchasing reclaimed water forcleaning and landscape maintenance of the campus.
Huawei’s production and domestic water is from the municipalwater supply system, which has no negative impact on externalwater sources, such as surface water and groundwater.
Huawei’s wastewater effluents are primarily domestic sewage.The results of the testing of wastewater generated at ourShenzhen, Dongguan, Beijing, Shanghai, and Nanjing basesare in compliance with national standards.
Huawei’s waste gas emissions are primarily generator gas,fume exhaust in kitchens, and welding gas. Test results ofwaste gas emissions at our Shenzhen, Dongguan, Beijing,Shanghai, and Nanjing bases show that all waste gas emissionsare in compliance with national standards.
During normal operations, Huawei generates wastes, includingrecyclable solid waste, hazardous waste, and general solidwaste.In 2011, bases in China produced a total of 1,600 tons ofsolid waste, 630 tons of hazardous waste (where 400 tons ofhazardous waste was reused), and 765 tons of administrativerecyclable waste, excluding recyclable waste generated duringthe manufacturing process. To reduce the environmentalimpact, waste that cannot be recycled or reused is sent toqualified recycling companies for legal disposal in accordancewith local regulations.
As a responsible enterprise, Huawei fully understands the needto effectively treat and manage electrical and electronic waste.
According to the European Union (EU) Waste Electrical andElectronic Equipment Directive and waste regulations of all countries, we formulated a system for waste recycling to recycle,reuse, and dispose of scrapped products and materials.
Huawei established a waste scrap disposal center in Shenzhenand also jointly established regional scrap disposal platformswith waste service providers in Latin America, Europe, Africa,Asia Pacific, and China. This enabled us to provide one-stopservices to disassemble and recycle waste from Huawei, andwaste delegated by customers. This also enabled us to furtherfacilitate the follow-up of waste treatment until the processis completed. We have successfully handled our waste in anenvironmentally friendly manner.
In 2011, globally Huawei handled 7,403 tons of product waste and waste from the manufacturing process, of which 6,960 tons were recycled or reused for a recycle rate of 94%.
Ecological Benefits and Green ProductsLifecycle Analysis
Huawei’s Lifecycle Analysis (LCA) process assesses a product’s entire lifecycle, from raw material procurement, parts manufacturing,product processing, transportation, and usage, to product waste and recycling. Using the LCA, we can determine the impact ofeach phase of the product’s life cycle on climate change and other aspects of the environment. We can identify key influencingfactors, from which we can take measures to reduce our overall environmental impact. In 2010, Huawei developed a quicklifecycle assessment (Quick-LCA) tool for products, based on the product environment database, to ensure LCA assessment andcontinuous improvement of products. In 2011, Huawei conducted an LCA for 35 types of products covering the range of ourmain products with the help of the Quick-LCA tool.
Case Study: Carbon Footprint Assessment for Enterprise Network Switches. The usage stage accounts for 96% of the carbon footprint throughout the product lifecycle.
Raw Materials Management
Huawei complies with all product-related global environmental laws and regulations for the control of chemical substances. We have developed the Huawei Substance List to mandate requirements for the control of chemical substances in materials during the manufacturing of parts and products. We actively seek substitutes to continuously reduce the use of hazardous chemicals.
Huawei Energy Efficiency Solutions
Huawei provides energy efficient products, services, andsolutions for telecommunications carriers through thefollowing four measures:
- Green Base Station
- Green Equipment Room
- Green Broadband
- Green Transmission
Green Base Station
Our research has shown that carbon emissions occur mostlyin products used for base stations in mobile networks andbroadband access in fixed networks. Based on our analysis of ourcustomers’ energy consumption, we are focusing on the needfor a more energy-efficient design of our networks: primarily ouraccess network, core equipment room, and transport network. In
2011, Huawei reduced its power consumption by implementingvarious measures and developing energy-conservation softfeatures during the operation of its base station. The reductionin our power consumption has also led to a reduction in carbondioxide emissions and air pollution.
According to Huawei’s research, most energy consumption occursduring narrow and broadband access, which accounts for over50% of our total energy consumption. This is where we primarilyfocus our energy conservation activities in fixed networks.
Based on a green design, whose goal was to "produce less heat,improve heat dissipation, and enhance heat resistance," in 2011,the green broadband network with millions of nodes has thecapacity to save over 200 million kWh of electric power annually.This savings is equivalent to the annual power consumption of250,000 Chinese families. In the next three years, Huawei’saccess network user ports will cut energy consumption by 30%(700 million kWh) and reduce carbon dioxide emissions byapproximately 5.9 million tons.
Huawei has developed a green "6R1D" packaging strategy based on right packaging, which means that packaging is designed to be reduced, returned, reused, recycled, and recovered, and is degradable. The 6R1D packaging strategy also allows for thesystematic development, application, and promotion of key green packaging solutions, such as circulation racks, turnover trays, and turnover boxes.
In 2011, Huawei delivered 47,600 pieces of green packaging, which reduced the consumption of trees by 5,300m3, and loweredCO2emissions by 13,000 tons. Of the packaging used for major equipment, 79% was green packaging, and 85.8% of allpackaging was recycled.
By reducing the weight and size of packaging, Huawei has reduced the use of materials and the overall cost of transportation. Weare also continuously improving and extending the recycling rate of materials. In 2011, metal circulation racks and metal turnovertrays were widely used in China region.
Huawei is dedicated to continuously simplifying its packaging; removing excess packaging; and researching, developing, and usingpackaging made of paper, plastic, and metal rather than wood. In 2011, we developed plastic turnover boxes and trays for wirelessproducts, which raised Huawei’s green packaging rating to the highest CM3A grade.
According to the requirements of the National Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Huawei, along with its customers and packaging suppliers, established a three-party circulation sharing system. This system simplifies logistics management, improvesthe reuse rate of packaging materials, and increases the environmental protection benefits for all parties involved. We are continuingto work on the widespread mplementation of this model.
In the future, Huawei will apply the key points of energy conservation and emissions reduction to its integrated supply chain andlogistics activities. The continued and growing use of green packaging and logistics will create increased economic and socialbenefits and promote Huawei as a green industry brand with an environmentally friendly industry chain.
Huawei has attached increasing importance to reducing greenhouse gas emissions when transporting products over longdistances. Huawei not only reduces costs and energy consumption, but also actively addresses climate change using greenlogistics.
As a result of the continuous growth in its overseas business, Huawei has focused on the direct shipment of goods, increasing the proportion of local procurement, and reducing the logistics cycle and transportation distances. In 2011, the volume ofmaterials that were directly shipped was 40,000 m3.
Huawei is actively increasing the coverage of its overseas supply centers to significantly reduce the transportation cycle andits associated costs. In 2011, the proportion of supplies shipped from these overseas centers increased from 7.1% in 2010 to 11.4%, based on the cost of materials.
Huawei has continued to reduce the percentage of global transportation through air transport. The percentage of productstransported by air dropped from 19.3% in 2010 to 14.6% in 2011. Specific instances of reduced products transported by airare in Latin America, where the percentage of products shipped by air was reduced from 34% to 27%, and Africa, where thepercentage of products transported by air was reduced from 33% to 15%.